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NATIONAL ASSEMBLY HANSARD - 15 JUNE 2011 VOL. 37 NO. 35

Wednesday, 15th June, 2011

The House of Assembly met at a Quarter-past Two O'clock p.m

 

PRAYERS

(THE ACTING SPEAKER in the Chair)

ANNOUNCEMENTS BY THE ACTING SPEAKER

PARLIAMENTARY HAPPY HOUR

THE ACTING SPEAKER: I have to inform the House that honourable members are invited to a Parliamentary Happy Hour which will be hosted by the Zimbabwe Tourism Authority today from 1800 hours to 1900 hours in the Members' Bar. This will be a monthly event which is part of an aggressive rebranding process by the authority, that is meant to curb the negative publicity as well as to relaunch Zimbabwe in traditional and potential markets. It is hoped that the Happy Hour will educate parliamentarians as representatives of the electorate, on the importance of tourism in Zimbabwe and they will in turn, cascade the information on tourism to their constituencies.

SWITCHING OFF OF CELLPHONES

THE ACTING SPEAKER: I have to remind hon. members to switch off their cellphones before business commences as the said cellphones may interfere with the digital recording equipment.

ORAL ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE

MR. MLAMBO: Can the Deputy Prime Minister tell us what transpired at the SADC Summit meeting? - [HON. MEMBERS: Haisi policy issue?]-

THE ACTING SPEAKER: Honourable member, your question might not be policy but I will pass it on to the Deputy Prime Minister if he feels he can answer it.

THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF. MUTAMBARA): That was not a policy question per se, but I will say a few words because it is an important question for this august House. The summarised version is as follows, the outcome of the SADC Summit in Sandton was a victory for the people of Zimbabwe in their generality. It was a victory for democracy. It was a victory for the people of Zimbabwe.

This means the political parties in this country should not try to score points against each other over the summit. There was no loser, no winner in SADC in terms of political parties. This means the SADC Summit was a victory for the people of Zimbabwe. No defeated party and no victorious party, but just a victorious nation.

Secondly, I want to appeal to you honourable members, as Zimbabweans, that we must not be reduced to a nation that debates between the difference between noted or endorsed. It is the words a travesty to our common sense and integrity as a nation to be reduced to a bunch of people who debate whether the Troika Report from Livingstone was endorsed or noted. We must realise that neighbours, SADC and South Africa are there to enable us, to facilitate us. The buck stops with us.

The solutions to our country reside in this august House. Let us have pride and honour. We cannot out-source the management of our country to Mswati and Zuma. We have the capacity in this country to run our affairs. While we are grateful to SADC and South Africa, I want to appeal to all of us to say let us find each other. Let us resolve our challenges together as opposed to expecting foreigners and external players to provide solutions to ourselves.

The last matter on that subject is about the logistics and planning of the Summit. The motivation was that the meeting was supposed to happen on Saturday at 1400 hours the 11th June 2011. That was the time and day for the SADC Summit. As you are aware, there was a funeral for Albertina Sisulu that dragged our summit into the evening and to the next day the 12th June 2011, Sunday. As you are aware, there was a national hero we were burying in the country, Edgar Tekere. There was a plan and a possibility for the Zimbabwean delegations to go to South Africa, attend the Summit and come back to bury Edgar Tekere on Sunday. However, this became a challenge.

Unfortunately, because the summit was delayed from 1400 hours, on Saturday 11th June to Sunday 12th June 2011 evening. It was not possible for the delegation to come back to Zimbabwe and bury Edgar Tekere. That is when, yours truly, Mutambara made a decision that our colleagues would continue to negotiate and do justice to our country but Mutambara would come back to bury Edgar Tekere. This must be understood by these busy bodies in the media. That it was a deliberate decision by the Deputy Prime Minister to be present at the burial of the hero of heroes, Edgar Tekere. That is why I was present in the country.

However, on the SADC Summit we must end up where we started. We had a good outcome. The outcome from the SADC is good for the country. Let us not score points against each other. Let us implement the GPA completely. Let us work on the time lines for the road map. Let us make sure we embrace recommendations on JOMIC and create conditions in our country for free and fair elections.

MR. F.M. SIBANDA: My question is directed to the Deputy Prime Minister as to what is government policy on the employment of government workers, especially those who are being trained in government institutions like teachers and nurses, who are no longer employed by government currently.

THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF. MUTAMBARA): I think it is a policy question but I think I will have to defer it to my colleagues, the Ministers of Education and Health, to give a detailed response. I thank you.

THE ACTING SPEAKER: Honourable member, you can follow up the question in writing to the respective Ministers.

MR. CHINYADZA: Minister of Finance, I would like to know whether there is a policy relating to contracting of external debt and if it is there, whether it in fact addresses the issue of whether we have the capacity to repay that debt and perhaps if you can contextualise your response in view of the difficulties of repayment of the current debt.

THE MINISTER OF FINANCE: Thank you very much hon. member for the very important question. There is a policy which deals with the issue of contracting debt. In fact it is a constitutional position, Section 111A of the Constitution of Zimbabwe says that -[HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections] -

THE ACTING SPEAKER: Order, hon. members, Minister can you take your seat. Hon. members I thought I heard you complaining that ministers were not coming to answer your questions and now you are spending all the time hackling and not listening and thinking about the questions to ask the Ministers.

MR. BITI: The way that debt is contracted in the country is covered by Section 111A of the Constitution of Zimbabwe. Any debt that has to be contracted has to be ratified by Parliament. This is why a few weeks ago this House was ratifying that Chinese thing. That is the way it works. All debt is covered by the Public Finance Management Act. In other words, Parliament has an over sight role in respect of the manner which debt is accrued in the country.

The current stock of debt in Zimbabwe invalidated in the sum of US$7.1 billion. It is invalidated in the sense that there has been no reconciliation of interests. Some of the agreements that we owe provide for compound interest and nobody has done reconciliation to actually come with a definite figure of the gross amount that we owe. This is external sovereign debt. We also have domestic debt that is owed primarily through the Reserve Bank, the sum of US$1.5 billion which again has to be dealt with.

Over and above this, since 2009, the Government of Zimbabwe has also been accumulating domestic debt, in particular to service providers. As of the 31 st of December 2010, we owed to service providers, about US$75 million. Between January and now we have paid US$50 million. This is money that we owe to people like ZESA, ZINWA for services that are consumed by the Government. We are not catching up even though we have paid US$50 million, we are already on US$60 million that is unpaid for the year.

As far as the strategy for dealing with the debt, Government, in April and November of 2010, pursuant to a subcommittee that was chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister Mutambara, adopted a high breed method of dealing with debt which we are calling the Zimbabwe Accelerated Debt and Development Strategy (ZADDS). ZADDS consists of three instruments of trying to settle our debt. Chief among those is the question of traditional methods, known as HIPIC and the attempt to use our own mining resources. As part of implementing this strategy, we have set up a Debt Management Office in the Ministry of Finance which has started the process of doing the reconciliation. One of the things that we have to do is to have an accelerated engagement with the IMF with regards to traditional methods of dealing with this debt. Those are the discussions that we are engaging with them and are going on.

In dealing with the question of debt, I need to say that when you use the traditional method of dealing with debt, you are crudely, to put it in simple terms, you are basically saying to developed countries, we owe you X amount of dollars, in this case US$7.1 billion, so please cancel this debt or write it off and they will look at three things. They will look at the economic health of your country. Even though Zimbabwe is struggling from a micro-economic point of view we have passed the markers that they are testing. They also look at your political health. Are you working together, cohesiveness, do you have a common vision and this is where we are scoring zero. The politics of this country has become a debilitating instrument against resolving the debt crisis in Zimbabwe.

We need to speak with one voice and come up with a common policy. I want to say lastly, the debt question; to us in the Ministry of Finance is no debt issue. It is not about the debt. This country defaulted in 1999. The US$7.1 billion we are talking about is not new money. It is not money that was contracted between 2000 and now. It is money that was contracted between 1980 and now. I want to say there are debts that were there in 1980. That National Sports Stadium, we have not paid for it. It is old debt, we defaulted and have defaulted.

However, the reason why we are calling for this Zimbabwe Accelerated Debt and Development Strategy is that, unless we are able to clear the arrears we owe to the World Bank, IMF, African Development Bank , we are not able to access cheap concessionary money that is found at the World Bank. In 2010 alone, the World Bank gave to Africa US$75 billion. Over the next five years, African Development Bank is going to give to Africa US$30 billion. In 2009 alone, the African Development Bank gave to South Africa US$4 billion for its electricity to ESCOM. If we were to have that kind of money to Zimbabwe, there will be no black outs. We need to deal with the issue of debt, not because we love to pay debts, but because it is a precondition of us accessing huge billions of money that are found in the African Development Bank and the World Bank in particular.

Unfortunately, our politics is ugly. We are killing and beating up people and because we are doing that nobody will charge us.

MR. CHANYADZA: My supplementary question Hon Minister, in view of the extent of our indebtedness, can we afford to continue to borrow funds for non-productive investments in Zimbabwe?

MR. BITI: No we can not. Let me be very clear, when you are indebtedness, the precarious position that we are at the moment, you can not contract other debts. If you are going to contract other debts, it has to be concessionary debts. I want to make reference to Chinese Agreement that was ratified by this Parliament. It is criminal Mr. Speaker for a country like Zimbabwe to enter in an agreement with a rate of interest like 2%, 4% or 5%. I want to say that there are friends let me put "friends" in inverted comas "friends and countries" that have been prepared to give Zimbabwe money. Mr. Speaker Sir, but when you look at the agreement, the agreements are levying interests in the name of concession of 2% and above. A country like Zimbabwe does not have the capacity of repaying those interests. It does not have the capacity of paying such amounts.

Hon. Speaker, let me say that we are the only country in the world that does not have a printing press. We are not printing our own money; we are depending on cash budget and revenues that are coming from the State. In the first half of this economy, this economy has not been performing. We are US$90 million below target. In other words, if this economy has to meet the US$2.7 billion budget, we have to collect an average of US$229 million per month. We are not collecting that, in fact the highest we have collected this year was US$213 million which we collected in the month of March, US$184 million in the month of April and US$164 million in the month of May. So, we actually have a downward graph. You have the irony that you have got huge demand on the fiscus but the revenues are depleting.

If you take the representations which we have made in particular to China, China is the biggest purchaser of the US Treasury bills. Until recently, China was holding US Treasury bills in excess of a trillion dollars. When China buys those Treasury bills, the yield on those Treasury bills is below 1%. In other words, the cost that they are buying those bills, the interest is less than 1%. Mr. Speaker, if they are friends, it is ironic that they want more than 2% or more than 5% yet they are prepared to accept less than 1% on Treasury bills.

These are the representations which we have made to the Chinese government. If you are our friends and you know that we are poor, you certainly can not give us a rate of interest that is more onerous than that you are giving to your capitalists' friends. That is the representations which we are making -[HON MEMBERS: Hear, hear]-.

MR. ZHANDA: My question is directed to the Minister of Finance. In view of the current account deficit and the continued closure of companies and your own admission about the decline in the revenue collection, what is government doing to reverse that trend, particularly the continued closure of companies, the continued importation of unnecessary goods, not important goods that we can produce here, what is your Ministry doing about that?

MR. BITI: There are four things Mr. Speaker, there are certain things which I can not anticipate, but which we are going to come up with in the Mid Term Policy which we hope to present around the 16th of July, 2011, which will deal with that.

There are four structural problems that we have to deal with. The first one is Zimbabwean politics. I am glad that there was progress that was made at Sandton Hotel on Sunday and as the Deputy Prime Minister has said, I am glad that at least there is a positive movement towards the agreement to a road map that will produce an uncontested election in Zimbabwe.

The second problem in this country is the problem of debt which is a development issue and I have spoken about that. The third issues is a problem that we need to put finality to, the land question. The whole issue of leases so that we have transferable security in the country, without that, our agriculture will remain where it is now namely 40% of its normal capacity. The farmers are operating at 40% ….. -[HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections] - Mr. Speaker, the point I am making is that this economy can easily have double digits growth rate of 14%. Within the next three years, you can have a US$30 billion economy but you will not do that unless you are able to deal with your politics, the question of debt, and the land question, the issue of having security on land whether it is a lease or a title deed. You need a security document so that you can deposit with a banker to get genuine capital that you can use for your farming.

The fourth issue is capital; this country needs capital in the form of overseas development assistance. We need genuine friends to assist us. We have no vote of credit; we are not getting money from the East, South, West and the North. Our revenue as a percentage of our growth domestic product (GDP), 30% which is the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa, higher than even South Africa which is 27%. What this means Hon. Speaker, is that 30% of our economy is coming from our own revenues. Most countries on the African Continent, the ratio should be 15%, we are double, and we are 30%. What it means is that there is an unnecessary burden on the government, there is unnecessary burden on ZIMRA and Treasury.

As far as the issue of companies that are closing is concerned, we tried to mobilise lines of credit with ZETREF and I am pleased to advise that the US$70 million ZETREF line of credit that we put together with AFREXIM Bank which is managed by Interfin together with various banks is now operational. What is disappointing me is the slow intake of these amounts, less than US$10 million has been disbursed even though this funding has been operational since September 2010.

So, I urge our business people to put in applications with all the banks that are handling these monies particularly vulnerable industries, so that they can be processed. The second line of credit that is there, is that we have put in US$15 million for SMEs and the debate right now is what do you define as an SME, what is your threshold for an SME, do you look at the number of employees and say an SME is a company that employees four people or do you look at the balance sheet, that is the problem.

There is also money that has been given by the PTA bank to the tune of US$350m that has to be assessed through commercial banks, so if you had a project particularly those ailing companies, you approach your bank and you make your application to access this US$350m line of credit. The last issue which we are going to announce in the Mid-Term Budget is the attempt to mobilise resources from the insurance through Section 26(a) of the Insurance Act. This Section says that 'Minister of Finance can order insurance companies to put in prescribed assets for certain purposes', and for the first time since I have been minister, I am going to abuse my powers and create a certain fund, I cannot tell you the details you have to wait. I thank you.

MR. ZHANDA: Hon. Minister I totally agree with you about the 40% production in the agricultural sector. One of the main causes is not only capital, in the agricultural sector, I do not agree that it is only capital because if Tesco and Sainsburys of the United Kingdom used to import vegetables from Zimbabwe, why is it that Government has not come up with a deliberate policy to bar Spar chains and other chains from importing even sandwiches from South Africa because of imbalance of trade? Secondly, whilst you have told us about the lines of credit, you agree with me that it is not only the cheap goods that is a problem in Zimbabwe but it is also the cost of production, we are competing and you have allowed this country to be a consumptive market. We are competing with companies in South Africa, we are creating jobs for South African companies at the expense of Zimbabwean companies.

MR. BITI: I agree with you that it is not only capital that is at the epi-centre of the collapse of our industrial sector, I agree with you. There are a number of factors, the first one; I think capital has to be at the epi-centre of that because with capital, you can address some of the problems and I am going to mention some of them. There is the problem of age equipment, old equipment that is being used by our industries, old practices, for example, we have got a fertilizer industry in Zimbabwe that is run primarily because of Sable Chemicals in the Midlands. It uses old electrolysis technology that consumes massive quantities of electricity. The world has moved on and has abandoned totally the electrolysis method. We have to do something about that. If you go to most industries, they are using old boilers in the manufacturing sector, most industries have moved away from the boiler system of manufacturing but this is a capital issue because they need money to adapt to technology. Most manufacturing is now done by technology, by 4 G, by3G, but we are still using old physical, manual technology that is 23 years behind. I said in one of my Mid-Term statements that, as far as technology is concerned, this country is 23 years behind. It is another challenge as well.

The issue of protection, it is true that we have largely become a supermarket of South Africa, it is not only South Africa but for China as well. If you go to the Gulf/Charter Road you will be shocked by the massive goods that have been dumped on this economy that have got a label 'made in China'. Let me say to you Hon. Zhanda, the solution does not lie in protection, we can protect certain things like our potato-chips and stop Zimbabwe from buying imported potato chips and buy Willards, but that is short-term for two reasons. The ultimate solution is not to protect, after all we are living in a competitive world but to make sure that our industries are competitive and they can produce quality goods that can meet and compete with goods from Beijing, China, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Pretoria etc, and of course this requires capital.

I also want to make it very clear that the Zimbabwean Government does not have a free reign over the issue of tariffs, we are a member of SADC and COMESA, we have signed free trade areas as you know that both COMESA and SADC already have operational free trade areas. With SADC the free trade area says 'if a good has been made in a country and it is shown that 25% of that good has been made in a particular country', they call this rules of origin, that good has to be exported duty free to any country within the region. It is a very unfair rule to a country like Zimbabwe because what it means is, for example, the only country that manufacturers Mercedes Benz in the world is Germany, but if a South African Company assembles Mercedes Benz and puts in leather seats from South Africa, it is already more than 25%, so when these goods come in this country because of rules of origin, they come in duty free and the hands of Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania are tied, you have to allow them. I do not know what those who agreed to these things were thinking because I do not allude to it, it is there and it is a fact.

Because of free trade and Zimbabwe is bound by two free trade area zones SADC and COMESA, there are standard tariffs which you cannot do anything about. Last July this Parliament passed some amendments to our tariff regime, we protected certain goods, in two months time, the Minister of Trade and Commerce (Prof. W. Ncube) was asked to write a letter to explain to SADC and COMESA, why we have protected and we have to say that they have to bear with us, we have had a difficult situation and we want to grow industries and please bear with us.

The things that I want to do in July when I come with my Budget, I know that we will have to explain and beg indulgence and it is going to get worse, as you know SADC is not the only one in business in Johannesburg over the weekend, there was a meeting of the three tripartite African countries of the East Africa, SADC and COMESA to form a tripartite free trade area. When that happens, we will not only be bound by SADC and COMESA tariffs but also Eastern African COMESA tariffs, so that is the way to go and it is integration, we cannot complain, regional integration is coming. The solution is to make our industries more competitive, Zimbabwean products be it mahewu or chibuku, they are the best in South Africa, Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi or Kenya. It is competitive, competitive, and competitive. I thank you.

MR. GWIYO: Thank you Mr. Speaker, in the absence of the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, I would like to direct my question to the Deputy Prime Minister. Prof. Mutambara, can you clarify to this House as to the role of the Clerk of Parliament in the administration of the Constituency Development Fund? Because my understanding is that, the principal officer of the CDF is the secretary in the Ministry of Parliamentary and Constitutional Affairs, but what has happened in the last few days is that the Clerk of Parliament seems to want to play an active role. Thank you.

THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF. MUTAMBARA): Mr. Speaker Sir, the establishment of the Constituency Development Fund was a very progressive addition into the activities of this Parliament. What we want to do is to make sure that the administration, the application of that fund is done efficiently and effectively. In terms of its mandate, in terms of organisation, the operations of that Fund, all these reside with the Ministry of Constitutional Affairs, which is under Minister Matinenga. However, in executing his work, he has to liaise with Parliament and the Chief Officer, who is the Clerk of Parliament. They must work together. Let us avoid unnecessary competition and politicking.

What we want to do is that the Executive is to make sure there is effective collaboration and there is cooperation between the Executive and the Legislature on this matter. Therefore the minister will be working very closely with the Clerk of Parliament, to make sure that the CDF is administered and managed in an effective manner. The details of how it is going to be done will be outlined to you by Minister Matinenga who is in charge of that fund. I thank you for that question hon. member but I would want the hon. member to redirect his question to the minister for a much more detailed response. What I want to emphasise is, we must understand that it will not be possible for us to deliver unless we work together. Work together at the level of political parties, work together as the Executive and the Legislature. There is no winner in a losing team as much as there is no loser in a winning team. Let us make sure that we understand this because the arguments we have seen in the media over the CDF are not productive. I hope that the minister will be able to address that matter in a satisfactory manner.

MR. DUMBU: Thank you Mr. Speaker. My question is directed to the Deputy Prime Minister Prof. Mutambara. My question is in line with a very important occurrence in this country in recent days. May you please tell this august House what is the position of Government in line with policy as regarding the behaviour of the Chinese who won contracts in this country in the primary, secondary and tertiary industries. We have received reports that after having won contracts to participate in exploiting of minerals, in manufacturing, even in the opening up of restaurants in the country, they are now beating up their employees, whether by misconduct or because of violence.

THE ACTING SPEAKER: Order, order hon. member stick to your question - [HON MEMBERS: - Inaudible interjection] -

MR. DUMBU: My question is, what is the position of Government on the policy regarding the beating up of employees by Chinese employers in mines, farms, in tertiary industries, whether for misconduct or for whatever reason?

THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF. MUTAMBARA) : Mr. Speaker Sir, let us understand the foundational matters in terms of investment. In terms of foreign direct investment, the broader and diverse, the source of investment the better. From China, America, Britain, Africa, from ourselves, the more the merrierSo in terms of growing our economy, in terms of running our country, we must welcome investment from where ever it comes because then as a country, we can benefit. As a country, we can then attract and structure favourable deals.

The Chinese are a source of investment; the Chinese are now the second largest economy in the world. In 2040, China will control 40% of World GDP, America will control 13%. So in terms of global economics, China is the future. Now the question for us in terms of what the hon. member is asking is, how do we make sure as a country we extract value from our relationship with the Chinese, how do we make sure the Chinese presence in our country benefit our people and benefits our country. That is the question we must ask ourselves.

I am going to outline a number of things which we need to do, to make sure that we benefit from the Chinese investment. Number 1, let us be clever, let us be clear in terms of understanding that the Chinese are not coming here as Comrades. They are coming here as people trying to make money for themselves. It is no longer aid we got during the struggle for independence. They are coming to us today as business people, so we must be able to craft reasonable contracts, reasonable and favourable agreements for ourselves. So let us be clever in terms of dealing with the Chinese. Let us deploy not accept contracts that are problematic, that is the first issue. What is the nature of our agreements between China and Zimbabwe. We have clever people in the country and we have people who understand business. Let us deploy that intellect, so that the agreements between us and China benefit us.

Number 2, the nature of activities in the country: Let us not allow the Chinese to take raw chrome, raw iron, raw coal, raw platinum and diamonds to China. Why can we not work with them to process minerals in the country so that we can cut diamonds in Zimbabwe and sell jewellery, so that we can process our chrome, so that they will take finished products, that is what we call beneficiation. Again we are saying let us determine the terms of reference between ourselves and China, that is one thing we need to do- beneficiation, value addition or move up the value chain with the Chinese and not allow them to take raw materials from this country for a song to China. Again it is the terms of reference which will determine.

The third issue; what are the labour regulations in the country, what do we allow in the country and what is it that we do not allow. This then deals with the matter of beatings and how workers at Chinese workplaces are treated. This is our country, we are in charge of our country. The Chinese must operate in our country on our terms respecting and they must respect our laws. This is where we can come in and say what kind of labour environment is obtaining in Chiadzwa. How are they of how are they treating their workers? Again it is up to us to apply our laws; it is up to us to make sure that every investor that is in our country does obey our laws. If the Chinese are disobeying our labours, then it is our ndaba, our fault. Shame on us! In terms of what industries we allow, we allow the Chinese to operate in, again this is our choice. For example, we can say we will not allow in basic industries such as restaurants, hair saloons and retail shops. These areas we can reserve for the empowerment of our people. You should not fight the Chinese on behalf of the Americans. You should not fight the Chinese on behalf of the Europeans. Most of the criticisms of the Chinese in Africa are initiated by their competitors from Europe and America. Africans are being used to do the bidding for them. As long as you are clever, as a nation you should be able to extract and unlock value from the relationship with China. What I am emphasising is that China, in reality has 1.3 billion people. China has already overtaken Japan in terms of GDP. It will overtake the US in 2015. China is the future. What is important is to make sure that the deals we strike with China are favourable to us.

We should protect our interests but we cannot avoid the Chinese, they are part of the global economy. In future, a global company which is not in China is no longer global company. If you are a company and you are not in China, you are not a global player. Why? Because in 2040, China will own 42% of the Global Economy. When the Chinese enter an economic sector like cotton, tobacco or wheat, they change the rules because of their huge and scale volumes. So they will set a new environment. Let us not fight the Chinese, let us make sure we protect our industries and work with them. We need a win-win framework. I thank you.

MR. DUMBU: My follow-up question is, have these Chinese employers become immune to the Zimbabwean law to the extent that to date we have never had any Chinese who have been arrested for assault or abuse of subordinates or employees?

PROF. MUTAMBARA: I will emphasise what I have said already. The Chinese must operate in our country under our laws. It is up to us to ensure that every investor in this country is obeying our laws. If they are disobeying or violating our laws, it is our failure and shame on us. What I am saying is, let us not fight the Chinese. They are the future. The most popular foreign language in America is Mandarin. The Americans are sending their students to China to study Mandarin because they know as America they cannot survive without China. We are saying let us learn from the imperial masters, the US and the Europeans who have understood that without China they cannot survive. Let us protect our interest, let us negotiate good deals, let us protect ourselves from abuse by using our laws. But let us not fight them. Let us work with them in a win-win situation, where they benefit and we also benefit on our terms. The Chinese must operate in our country on our own terms in a win-win framework.

MR. CHIMBETETE: The Deputy Prime Minister, are you aware of the problems within the Anglican Church in the Harare Diocese and Manicaland Diocese between the two Bishops, namely Kunonga and Jakazi who resigned on their own accord from CPCA and formed their own Anglican Church in Zimbabwe but are refusing to vacate from the property of the CPCA?

THE ACTING SPEAKER : Hon. member, the question is not a policy question. If the Deputy Prime Minister is conversant with the issue he can respond to the question.

THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF. MUTAMBARA): It is not a policy issue but I would want to make sure that the august House is aware that Cabinet, on several occasions, has discussed this issue. Without going into details, I will only say that the Vice President of this Republic, Mr. J. Nkomo has been working on this issue. He has been providing mediation. The two ministers of Home Affairs have been grappling with that matter as well. I do not want to go into details but we are aware of the challenges and we would want to make sure there is peace and tranquillity in this country to the extent that our own Vice President who is also part of the trio responsible for national healing and reconciliation is working on that matter.

MR. DENGA: In the absence of the Foreign Affairs minister I would want to direct my question to the Deputy Prime Minister. I would want to know what the Zimbabwean foreign policy on those people who have caused genocide in their countries like in Ethiopia and Rwanda who are seeking refugee status in Zimbabwe. What is the policy on those people because they have killed a lot of people in their countries like Mengistu and Mpiranya.

THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF. MUTAMBARA): That is a loaded question that deals with matters of international relations and the authority would be the Minister of Foreign Affairs but as a government our policy is to respect international law, international conventions and international protocols that we have signed. However, we also respect the sovereignty of different nations and we believe in non-interference in the affairs of other nations. We also respect our membership to entities like SADC, COMESA and AU and we are guided by the principles and values of SADC, COMESA and the African Union. The most important thing to do is to make sure that our own country is respecting human rights, has a vibrant and successful economy so that we are a vibrant player in SADC, COMESA and AU.

In terms of particular individuals like Mengistu, I think we can say that details of how we relate with Ethiopia is defined by our international relations and also by the foreign affairs ministry but we must also remember that some of these subjects are not that easy. When we look at the struggle for the independence of Zimbabwe for example, who were those who backed us for our freedom? Were they the democratic countries or the dictators? Were they the so called good countries or the condemned ones? When you look at the history of this country, our struggle - ZIPRA and ZANLA were backed by the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, North Korea Gaddafi, Cuba. What we are saying is there is no simple and unsophisticated analysis that says there is a good nation or bad nation. Sometimes those nations who are supposedly good do not support struggles while the bad ones assist. There were no freedom fighters, ZIPRA or ZANLA who were trained in New York, London or Paris. Why? Those countries had vested interest in supporting the Smith regime. Certainly, it is a difficult situation where some of our support came from countries like Cuba, Bulgaria and China. I am emphasizing to hon. members here that when you deal with international relations, there is no such thing as good country or bad country. In international relations there is no such thing as a good country or a bad country. Every country pursues its national interests and therefore, that is why you find the American foreign policy is defined by what is good for America and our foreign policy is defined by what is good for Zimbabwe. Countries do not have permanent friends, only permanent interests.

Questions without notice interrupted by THE ACTING SPEAKER in terms of Standing Order Number 34.

MOTION

CONDOLENCES ON THE DEATH OF CDE EDGAR ZIVANAYI TEKERE

MR. J. M. GUMBO: I move the motion standing in my name that:

This House conveys its profound sorrow on the untimely death on 2nd June 2011 of the late Cde. Edgar Zivanayi Tekere;

PLACES on record its appreciation of the services which the former

Member of Parliament and former Cabinet Minister rendered to his

people, Parliament and the nation; and

RESOLVES that its deepest sympathy be conveyed to Mrs. Tekere and family.

MR. MUDARIKWA: I second.

MR. J. M. GUMBO: Mr. Speaker, the name Edgar Tekere is a name that is associated with the liberation of this country. I decided to move this motion so as to allow MPs to make their contributions so that as a House, we can resolve to send a condolence message to the Tekere family and also to make the public know that as a nation and as people, we realise that we are independent today because some people sacrificed a lot of things and even put their lives in danger in order to see our country liberated from the colonial masters. It is now common knowledge that Cde. Edgar Tekere was declared a National Hero and was buried at the National Heroes Shrine. It is also well known to many people how Cde. Tekere, the late, grew up, having been born in 1937 at Nyamombe village, south of Rusape in Manicaland. He grew up like any other young boy during those years of colonialism, herding cattle like any other boy in the village and also going to rural schools in the local area. He went to St. Augustine Secondary School to do his secondary education.

Cde. Tekere, being a character that he was, was expelled from school and completed his secondary education from home but because he was a brilliant guy, he managed to write his 'O' Level exams at St. Augustine and succeeded. Later on, he managed to enroll at a Teacher Training College. He did not again complete his training in teaching and came to Harare, which was then Salisbury to work. He joined other members who were already involved in the struggle for the liberation of this country, people like Cde. James Chikerema, Cde. George Nyandoro and others.

Cde. Tekere then joined the Youth League, one of the organisations that was active in politics at that time. When the Youth League was banned, he joined the ANC, which was also later on banned. He joined the newly formed NDP and later on joined ZAPUand at the split of ZAPU, he was one of the founding members of ZANU. We have also known that Comrade Tekere was detained, arrested and restricted at many places in Zimbabwe. These include such places as Hwa Hwa where he lived with President Mugabe, Bhasopo Moyo and others who were from ZANU PF, when those from ZAPU were detained at Gonakudzingwa. Later on, he was restricted at Sikombela in Gokwe and at the time of UDI, Comrade Tekere was sent to Harare Maximum Prison,together with other nationalists at that time. When he left the Harare Maximum Prison, we are all aware that Comrade Tekere went to Mozambique with President Mugabe and received training there. He later on went to Yugoslavia, Romania where he received further training in military work. Comrade Tekere was also elected in 1977 as the Secretary General for ZANU in Maputo, Mozambique.

At independence, we all know by now that Comrade Tekere played a pivotal role in the invitation of the reggae star, Bob Marley to come and entertain Zimbabweans on the 17th and 18th of April 1980. He later joined Government as the Minister of Manpower Planning. He made great contribution when he scouted around the world to look for Zimbabweans who were to come back home and assist in doing Government work when those who have been in the previous Government had left positions which needed to be filled by qualified people.

Comrade Tekere had another problem and was expelled, this time not from school, but from ZANU PF. He later on contested after forming his own political party for which he was President which was called ZUM. I am saying all this just to show Comrade Tekere's contribution to the liberation of this country, which contributions he made to make him qualify for this House to send condolence messages in appreciation of the contributions he made for the history and independence of this country. He was not only a brave nationalist, but was also an academic, he visited many universities in Africa, America and even in Europe, giving lectures in some of them. He was also a good sportsman, which earned him the nickname 'Two Boy.' He was actually a jack of all trades, an all rounder, he was in politics, guerilla movement and was also involved in education and so on.

I also want to put it on record, Madam Speaker that, at times we tend to want to exchange words and humiliate each other to the extent that in the end, the families that receive the condolence messages that we would have sent from this House, when they go through the Hansard, they tend to wonder whether we are really sending sincere condolence messages or we are taking advantage of somebody's death to make our politics to be heard and to take advantage of that situation and start propagating our own political thinking. We should learn to separate issues and deal with condolence messages as condolence messages. I intend to move to close the motion tomorrow so that the condolence messages from the august House by those who will have contributed on the history of Comrade Tekere can be transmitted to the family so that they can see that we, as living Parliamentarians, appreciate the role that the late freedom fighter played in the liberation of this country and that when such situations arise, we stand together and make the right contributions towards the motion at hand. I am saying this Madam Speaker because we normally take such situations and start talking about who should be there or who should have decided about who should be there. I want to put it on record that, any situation that occurs, there are people who begin it and the issue of heroes is the issue that began with our liberation after we got independence.

We all know that the liberation of this country was orchestrated by two major political parties by that time, ZAPU and ZANU, through ZIPRA and ZANLA. When all this happened, we had the leadership of these political parties and had the fighters. After independence, the leadership of these political parties, even when they joined together to form what we now call ZANU PF, they sat down and agreed that, we now have what we now call National Heroes, Provincial Heroes, Liberation War Heroes, District Heroes and Liberation zvimbwido's and mujibhas and names like that. We must understand that, currently, we start accusing each other and at times we confuse those families whose relatives will have departed because we start talking about who should be sitting here, who should be a hero and so on. The issue is very clear because those who started it from those two major political parties - I must say, now that we are where we are, there is nothing wrong about others, who were not even there by that time joining together.

When we talk about Comrade Tekere or any hero, the only people who can authentically speak about that person are those who knew that person, not those who have known that person today. The recommendation about who should be a hero and so on or the reminding of who should be recognised at which particular level, also begins from that history that I am talking about. If we can be able to understand that and accommodate those of our colleagues who might want to talk against that, we will, in future, be able to talk and discuss about heroes without calling each other names. Madam Speaker, the issue about Comrade Edgar Tekere being declared a national hero is something that no one can dispute. I must preempt that, all national heroes and those who should be considered national heroes do not necessarily remain ZANU PF. There are other heroes who are not even in politics; they are in churches, MDC T, MDC M. If they contributed to the liberation of the nation, their history is known by those who were with them. What makes the difference is how you then get into the system to be remembered and be recognised as a hero. Those are the issues as Zimbabweans, as the Deputy Prime Minister would always want to say we must put our heads together and do something about it and see ourselves coming up to an understanding in future. So Madam Speaker, I am moving the motion believing that most of us appreciate the role that the late Hon. Tekere played in the liberation of this country. We are here because of people like Tekere and many others who sacrificed their lives and left the country to prosecute a war that gave us independence in 1980. I urge the House to support the motion that I have moved so that we can at the end of the day convey a condolence message to the Tekere family appreciating the role that he played in the liberation struggle of this country.

MR. MUDARIKWA: Thank you Madam Speaker. The name Tekere is synonymous to ourstruggle. At this moment, Edgar Zivanai Tekere's father was a reverend in the Anglican Church. To give a befitting debate, I go to John 8 verse 32 which says "the truth shall set you free". I am saying this because if you do not know the truth, you are not free. When you a victim of neo colonialism, ignorance and you do not know the truth, you will never be free.

We are free today because people of Zimbabwe thought it was necessary that we must fight the colonialists. But in any movement, there are leaders. In any debate, there are stars like me hence debating this issue of Comrade Tekere. Comrade Tekere realised that it was necessary to put up a fight against colonialists - starting with the Land Apportionment Act, the Land Husbandry Act and also other forms of racism. He was sentenced to jail for ten years because he had said he loved this country. Comrade Tekere went to school - as mentioned by Comrade Gumbo, the Smith Government had no time for this. I would like to thank the churches for this - they allowed people to be educated. Through education, people now know the truth.

The time for demonstrations and singing is now over and we had a split between ZANLA and ZANU PF was created. The creation of ZANU lead to the creation of ZANLA forces which was a military wing of ZANU. It was agree that they would fight the enemy - a bullet for a bullet, an anti air for an anti air. Comrades and friends, when you hear the name Edgar Zivanayi Tekere "two boy" as he was called, you must realise that there is a man. A revolution is a short and long relay. He did his short and long relay. It is your duty hon. members of this House to take your duty of moving forward and emancipate our people. The process Mr. Speaker is a revolution and a revolution can only be handed over to revolution cadres. You will never hand over a revolution to people who do not understand it. You will have to understand a revolution in order to move forward.

Mr. Speaker Sir, the OAU liberation committee then agrees to set up operations to start supporting the people of Zimbabwe. When Comrade Tekere was release from prison, he joined Comrade Robert Mugabe, Comrade Rekayi Tangwena and the spirit medium and crossed into Mozambique. It was again in reference to the Bible that, "the wise men from the east....." The process of our armed struggle, so the attack of our Tena Farm and 1978 was year of the people. Here it was the process that ZANLA forces were blowing the enemy and finally we had the Lancaster House Conference. Comrade Tekere fought for the total liberation of this country from the Zambezi to Limpopo, from Nyamapanda to Plumtree.

Mr. Speaker Sir, day dreaming is not an offence. There are professional day dreamers who think they want to establish what they did not work for. This will never happen or the bones of Mbuya Nehanda or Tekere will rise for the total liberation of our country Zimbabwe. In 1980 at independence,

Comrade Tekere was made the Minister of Manpower. He developed what we see today. If you go to any country, you see trained Zimbabweans and this was the work of Cde. Tekere. Also as the Secretary General for ZANU PF, he assisted in the establishment of the ZIPRA, ZANLA and the notorious Rhodesian forces into one Zimbabwe National Army.

Whatever people can say, Cde. Tekere was a super Minister in the sense that he developed what you are today. Some of you are old enough not to belong to this House, but we are saying to the youths of this country, when you hear the name Tekere, appreciate the good work he has done for the people of Zimbabwe. Heroism is not an overnight thing or beating and smashing chairs in the dining hall at the University of Zimbabwe -[HON MEMBERS: Mutambara, Mutambara!!]-

THE ACTING SPEAKER: Order, order, hon. members!

MR. MUDARIKWA: Heroism comes out of a contribution to a particular cause; a cause of freeing your own people and total independence of the people of Zimbabwe and in the process, Cde. Tekere also contributed to the independence of the people of Namibia and South Africa.

Mr. Speaker Sir, to the Tekere family, they have lost a father, a grandfather but to the progressive people of Zimbabwe, we have lost a hero. We have lost a man who believed in democracy, a man who believed in the total emancipation of the people of Zimbabwe.

Mr. Speaker, it is unfortunate that when we discuss some of these things, we are faced with people who do not know the truth and I would urge some of these hon. members to go and read John 8 verse 32 where it says "...the truth shall set you free..". You are going to be free in your minds, the way you walk, the way you live, dress and the way you appear as hon. Members of Parliament -[AN HON MEMBER: Chienda kuwelfare yedu mukoma izvo tazvinzwa.]-.

Finally Mr. Speaker, the national plight of former hon. Members of Parliament, civil servants and sitting Members of Parliament is that we are the legislators and will never be able to lead this country into a 40% growth which Hon. Biti said when we are poor. Mr. Speaker, we are faced with the situation where each time we have a debate for former Members of Parliament, in most cases, the issue of poverty is being talked about and that is why I am talking about this. I am not moving away from the debate but I am saying as representatives of both Members of Parliament, and those who left Parliament, I feel more has to be done. To the Tekere family, we need also as Parliament to see how they are living. He left a daughter. We have to see how they are surviving, how the family goes to school. Yesterday it was Cde. Mabhena and today it is Cde. Tekere.

The whole idea, as Parliament, is that we have a role, a responsibility to look after the interests of all our Members of Parliamen, both those who served and those who are still in Parliament. I want to thank hon. members for listening to what I was saying and those who did not listen, I want to thank you for keeping quiet.

*MR. CHIMANIKIRE: Thank you Mr. Speaker. Firstly, I want to thank you Hon. Gumbo for the motion because we have to respect Cde. Tekere for the work he has done. When I was growing up, I knew that hon. Tekere was one of the founders of ZANU PF and he also inspired me. He is one of those who were expelled from school for demonstrations against the Smith Regime in 1971. I also remember during the Lancaster House era that he was one of the people who came back from Mozambique together with Hon. Zvobgo and Josiah Chinamano, who, when you would see them on BBC Television, you would say here are real people.

I am sure Hon. Gumbo will agree with me that this is what used to happen. I remember at a rally one Briton said, "if you give us one from these three men, we would have a better government because they knew their purpose and focus." Cde. Tekere was not only a fighter but was a combatant and one of the few who rose from ZANU PF carrying the gun on his back. He knew what he represented and what they said. I say Cde. Tekere led Mr. Mugabe to Mozambique let us tell each other the truth. I want to thank Cde. Tekere. I know that he led President Mugabe to Mozambique, because he knew the eastern boarder and the route thereto. He is one of those who actually did not approve of the one party state this led him to form ZUM. I remember him saying the country has gone to the dogs in one of his speeches. It was the manner in which he was treated while he was in ZANU. This actually reflected that he had aims or plans of what should be done. I believe Hon. Tekere was a beacon of a multi party democracy by ensuring that the one party state did not exist. He became the leader of ZUM although he was defeated by President Mugabe when he stood as a candidate. I also remember the death of Hon. Tekere under the devious circumstances. There was no adequate police inquiry until he was buried. Remember that also in politics, the fact that we have differences, we have grudges over personal issues, we must not neglect someone whom you have gone into struggle with.

I believe Hon. Tekere was a hero although very little was done to take care of him when he died as a former cadre. The fact that this did not only happen to Hon. Tekere, it also happened to all heroes who were buried. When they grow old we forget about them. Let us develop a culture in this country where people are recognised when they are still alive. We will also remember that it also affected Hon. Chinamano who, at the time of her death, was selling potatoes in this car park and yet she also went through the liberation struggle.

We should respect people when they are still alive and we should look after them when they are of age. We want a ministerial statement that will explain how the pensions are being administered to the widows and widowers of the heroes. We need that ministerial statement to explain how we are taking care of their welfare. We urge the Government to look into the issue.

I want to conclude by saying to the Tekere family, it might be the wife, children or grand children, we are sorry for the loss of the hero.

THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF. MUTAMBARA): I will be very brief. I want to join the colleagues who have spoken and convey my condolences to the Tekere family. In my presentation, I want to present what is different about Tekere from the other heroes. What is that which distinguishes him from other heroes?

Number one, Tekere was a conscience of the people. This means all time he was always with the people even if it meant sacrificing his political ambitions. He stayed with the people. Even if it meant sacrificing his personal comfort, he stayed with the people. When he was fighting Ian Smith, when he went to Mozambique to wage war against the regime of Ian Smith, he stayed on course. He never wavered. This man, the hero of heroes was a conscience of the people.

After independence, many people felt we have arrived and we are free. It was now time to ball out of control and enjoy, but not for Edgar Tekere. In 1980, he thought the struggle must continue. He felt we must deepen the democratic space and expand the culture of democracy and defend the freedoms of our people. When others were saying how can I become rich now, Tekere was saying no, no, what is happening to the freedom and economic circumstances of our people. He continued fighting after 1980. That is the difference between Tekere and other heroes. He stayed with the people. He was the conscience of the people. In the late 80s, this is where some of us come in to meet with him. When we were at university as students, Tekere was the foundation of the anti corruption struggle in this country. He was the foundation of the multi party struggle in this country. Tekere was the father of opposition politics in this country. He was responsible for changing the direction and trajectory of this country from a one party state framework to a multi state trajectory.

The honour of changing that direction belongs to Tekere and Tekere alone. Some of us who were in opposition are now in Government. The honour of the doctrine and foundation of our activities of opposition, we must give to Tekere. That is why all those who are active in civic society, ZCTU, media, unions must pay homage to the best among ourselves. He was the man who built the foundation of this struggle to deepen our democratic space. That is what was different with Edgar Tekere.

Something else that was different about Tekere was that he was a humble man. Heroes sometimes are arrogant, they feel that they are above ordinary persons, not Edgar Tekere. He was very accessible and humble. We were able to reach him at the University of Zimbabwe as students and he motivated us to stand up to power and push for what is right in the country. He was humility walking, dignity personified. That is what was different with this man we call Edgar Tekere.

He was a hero who was not owned by a political party. Nobody owned him. He was a fearless fighter who spoke his mind, damn the consequences. No political party in this country owns Edgar Tekere. Not ZANU PF, MDC A, B, Ndonga nor ZAPU. No one in this country can claim to own Edgar Tekere. That is what is different. Most heroes are owned by parties. That is why some of us abandoned the summit in Sandton, South Africa and said given a choice between the SADC Summit and Edgar Tekere's funeral, we go to Tekere's funeral. This is a unique hero who is not owned by any political party. I had to show my respect to Two Boy, that is why I came back to bury him. This is why Hon. Gumbo is very right, when we remember such heroes like Tekere, please no politicking. Please no throwing around of insults. This man, this hero, belongs to all of us. I want to support Cde Gumbo. Whenever we are in this House debating our heroes let us not attack each other. Let us not hurl insults around and try to score points against each other. Let us emphasise that which unites us, that which we agree upon and de-emphasise our differences.

Edgar Tekere was self sacrifice personified. If you read his book and understood his life, you will realise that he sacrificed his personal, family, marriage and academic life. Some of us pursue academia and gather PhDs, Tekere was busy fighting, creating conditions for a better Zimbabwe. Some of us are concerned with acquiring riches, money, dollar bills, Tekere was not interested in all these, but in making the conditions of our own people better. He sacrificed his own family life, went through 3 or 4 wives and paid no attention to them. He was always in pursuit of the struggle. I am emphasising the notion of self sacrifice. Let us learn from this man. Let us celebrate the achievements of this man. He was a hero and an inspiration to all of us and motivated us.

The last issue I want to talk about, Edgar Tekere was a nation builder. Even in this Inclusive Government, he was working with us. I was personally in constant touch with him right up to the day he died on Tuesday, the 7th of June 2011. He was a great teacher and comrade to me. For those who came to the National Vision Workshop that my office organised, you will remember how Hon. Tekere spoke. Hon. Tekere was busy discussing and debating Zimbabwe on his death bed. He was saying, how can we make sure this Inclusive Government works. How can we make sure we support you in this government, so that you can build a better Zimbabwe - right to the end of his life he was a nation builder. He was a man who believed and understood the notion and skill of statecraft as an instrument of building our country. This is a moment for us hon. members to unite, here is an opportunity for us to work together.

So, hon. members, there comes a time in the history of every nation when an occasion presence itself where we can forget about differences and work together. I think today is such a moment where we are respecting E. Tekere. Yes there were differences between him and some individuals, with some parties, but he is a hero and of all of us. Let us unite and be able to respect him.

Mr. Speaker, Sir, I want to thank you for this opportunity and urge hon. members to pay tribute to this man without casting aspersion against each other. Finally Mr. Speaker Sir, we must have a deep and clear understanding of the term heroism. Heroism is not conferred. It is earned. Tekere is a hero because his life was heroic. He was an icon of the liberation struggle and an inspiration to post-independence democratic struggles. His activities speak for themselves. No individual or institution has the moral authority to examine and judge Tekere's life and purport to confer hero status on him. Tekere is a National hero because he is a hero of heroes, a soldier of soldiers. May his soul rest in eternal peace.

MR. MWONZORA: I want to thank Hon. Gumbo for moving this motion, I also want to thank those hon. members who have contributed on this motion before me. Hon. Speaker I had personal knowledge of Tekere. I read about him in the books, I read about him in Hansard and then I met him and I worked under him as his press secretary before I was made the Secretary for Information and Publicity for the Zimbabwe Unity Movement (ZUM).

Let me begin by quoting from a quotation by Hon. Tekere in 1989, he said and I quote "Zimbabwe is going down the precipice, let us catch it before it hits the bottom and disintegrates". He was warning us about what was going to happen to Zimbabwe. His ominous call was ignored much to the peril of Zimbabwe. We are where we are because we ignored that ominous call from Hon. Tekere. Mr Speaker, Sir, what is a national hero? A national hero is a person that makes outstanding personal achievements with an intelligible bearing on the social, economic and political development of Zimbabwe and in his achievements there must be an element of self sacrifice and abnegation. Edgar Tekere, meets this criteria. As speakers before me have said Hon. Tekere was a hero of the nationalist revolution. He rose to be the Secretary General of ZANU and organised war from Mozambique, he underwent periods of personal discomfort while in Mozambique. Fortunately, he came back alive. The struggle that they orchestrated in Mozambique ended with the Independence in 1980. That is the first phase of the struggle of a people.

The struggle of independent does not end with the achievements of independence but that phase of the struggle that Hon. Tekere and others orchestrated ended in 1980 or post 1980 with the removal of the white oppressor. So, the preoccupation of the nationalist struggle is the removal of the dominant oppressor who in this case is the white oppressor. There is very little attention that is paid on who replaces - what is the quality of the person who replaces the white oppressor.

Unfortunately, most African people during the struggle do not concern themselves with the replacement. However, after achieving the nationalist independence there is a second and most important struggle that must be pursued and this is the democratic struggle. It comes as a realisation that a black man can oppress fellow black man and the oppression of a black man is as debilitating as the oppression of a white man. Therefore there must be a second struggle where Africans do self introspection and remove all forms of oppression and dictatorship, oppression of African by African. Hon. Tekere moved on with the struggle.

After Independence, he fought against the one-party-state dictatorship that his colleagues had began to mute in this country. Had he not fought against that one-party-state, Hon. Speaker, Sir, Zimbabwe would be in a worse situation that it already in. I remember that one-party-state idea was being justified by some of the rulers of this country and I quote one of them and he said "Let us put Zimbabwe under one political umbrella", there is not need of putting Zimbabweans under one umbrella Mr. Speaker, Sir. There is need of letting Zimbabweans free and there is need of letting Zimbabweans choose among the political alternatives available to them. Freeing the people Mr. Speaker, Sir, is giving the people choice to choose even not to choose you who freed them. That is the difficult part of freeing a people. You do not free a people and then say to them you are free as long as you back me, you become not free if you oppose me. Liberation means liberating people to reject you.

After Independence, our friends in the ZANU PF came up with a very, very beautiful document, hats off to those who crafted that document. The document was called the Leadership Code and that document called upon the ministers, the top officials of ZANU PF to declare their assets and the source of their wealth. I want to say that Hon. Tekere was in strict compliance with the leadership code and he wanted strict enforcement of that leadership code, alas, his colleagues did not want that and he became an outcast in his own political party that he had helped formed. So because he insisted on consistent following of the leadership code, he was deemed to be an enemy and that cost him his post as the Secretary General of ZANU PF, he was also removed from ZANU PF.

Importantly, Hon. Tekere fought against corruption. He warned against corruption and he fought against corruption, he debated against corruption in this very august House and he was removed from ZANU PF because of his unwavering stance on corruption but history was later to vindicate him when a few years later, there was the infamous Willowgate Scandal were the Ministers, some of whom where very high ranking officials - [AN HON MEMBER: Nyagumbo!] - of ZANU PF were caught in the act of corruption and Hon. Tekere was therefore vindicated. Tekere had respect for the massive people of Zimbabwe and let me say the choice of the people of Zimbabwe can never be removed, valued or evaluated by anyone, not even the most decorated of generals in this country must dis-respect the choice of the people of Zimbabwe. The people of Zimbabwe are sovereign because Zimbabwe is a sovereign state, this means the populace of Zimbabwe are supreme to anything else, even the most vicious of army generals. Therefore, whoever the people of Zimbabwe choose either today, tomorrow or next year, must be respected. I want to quote Edgar Tekere where he said to me on the 23rd of May 1991, when we were in Chituko Hotel in Room No. 4, he said, 'How do you tell whether a person is a true ex-combatant, it is by the humbleness that they display because the weight of the gun humbles', most of these people who illtreat their own people, you will find that there is something false or fake about their cadreship, the most vicious people of this country are not the true war veterans.

The weight of the gun humbles. Why can we not have some army officers speaking above the people of Zimbabwe, describing when elections must be held, telling us who the winner must be, who should be supported or even not supporting the party of the people's choice. Remember your commander Tekere said 'the weight of the gun humbles'. Mr. Tekere fought for the multi-parties of this country but let me say that when he died, Zimbabweans across the political divide called for him to be declared a National Hero and in order of sequence because we must record history correctly, the first party that spoke that Tekere must be declared a National Hero send its spokesman to convey that message and that spokesperson was myself of the MDC-T. It is the MDC-T that first called that Edgar Tekere be declared a National Hero. It was followed by its sister party MDC. Later our colleague ZANU PF did the only rationale thing under the circumstances to declare Edgar Tekere a National Hero.

The issue must not even be debated, what do you need to consider on Edgar Tekere, what more curriculum vitae do you need for Edgar Tekere? In law we say res ipsa loquitur (the thing speaks for itself) what did you need the 8 hours for to debate? I say hands off for you members of ZANU PF for finally agreeing that Tekere is a National Hero. Let me say here that Edgar Tekere did not become a hero because of the benevolence of a political party or its leadership but becomes a leader because he met the criteria. There are a few people in this country who met the criteria who were not declared National Heroes and I want to say that we must never rest to call for these people to be declared National Heroes. In particular, I have a few names, Ndabaningi Sithole, Henry Hamadziripi (the founders of the armed struggle of this country), if the historical information that we receive is correct, it is said that Henry Hamadziripi is one of the people who chose the name of this country. We have Noel Mukono one of the commanders supreme of the armed struggle, we have other people like James Robert Dambaza Chikerema - what I want to say is Mr. Speaker Sir, heroes must be chosen as a result of looking at objective criteria, not at people who support certain political parties because if you do that, you run a risk of putting murderers, rapists, robbers or even pick - pockets at the national shrine.

In order to avoid that, there must be a national objective criteria set to determine who a national hero is. Lastly Mr. Speaker Sir, Hon. Tekere has united the people of Zimbabwe, even at the time of his death. It was gratifying to see all the political parties represented at the National Heroes Acre and we must build upon that unit. Zimbabwe is bigger than ZANU PF, MDC, the patriotic union of Matabeleland and ZAPU. We have an obligation as the people of Zimbabwe to unite, be it MDC, ZANU PF, Ndonga whatever, we have an obligation to unite along certain principles that we must never put Zimbabwe back to political crisis again. Next time when we bury heroes, political parties or organisers of political parties must - [HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections] -

THE ACTING SPEAKER: Order, hon. members, I think it is important to listen to others when debating because you also want to be listened to when you are debating. Please give the hon. member time to wind up his debate.

MR. MWONZORA: Mr. Speaker Sir, while it is gratifying to see the leadership of all the political parties united at the National Heroes Acre, next time it is important that the organisers of events like this implore political parties not to convert political events like that into some cheap political rally. When we bury our National Heroes, that is a sorrowful moment, it is not a moment to score political points against each other. I want to particularly thank Vice President, Nkomo who was the Acting President, that time of having respected the moment that he was presiding over at the moment, there was no denigration of other political parties in his speech. There was no hate speech, there was no scoring of political points. It was a very straight forward and sober speech and I want appeal to our leadership that in moments like that, we are burying our heroes, we are burying Zimbabweans, we are not burying Blair, Bush or Obama and therefore we would want to hear less and less of those people whom we will not be burying. I thank you once again Mr. Speaker Sir and I want to thank Hon. Gumbo for the very important motion that he raised.

THE MINISTER OF YOUTH DEVELOPMENT, INDIGENISATION AND EMPOWERMENT : Thank you Mr. Speaker. I want to thank colleagues in extending my sincere condolences to the Tekere family, also pay tribute to one of this nation's foremost gallant sons, a man who is identified very closely with the independence process in our country. At least colleagues who have spoken have, according to the debate so far, accorded Cde. Tekere the respect that he deserves.

Cde. Tekere gives all of us an opportunity to start to respect, to look into what is best for any country or for our country. Cde. Tekere's history is full of challenges and I think his book, when he talks about the struggle, it epitomises the struggle that this country has gone through. Mr. Speaker Sir, this motion is very important and I want to appeal to colleagues that maybe when we discuss and debate on these motions, let us give them the respect that they deserve, honouring some of our heroes. I have no doubt that heckling is part of political life and part of Parliament life, but I also believe there is also a place for us to show that Zimbabweans are talking of a man who made all of us free, who made it possible for us to stand in this very room and debate, direct and guide the national process. I think our debate must be guided more by what Cde. Tekere stood for, what we achieved in this country and what this very debate, this very informative debate has contributed to this afternoon.

Mr. Speaker, Cde. Tekere epitomises freedom, he represented empowerment, he represented emancipation, he represented above all, supreme sacrifice. I was looking at a book on National Heroes Acre where Cde. Tekere, President Mugabe and many other comrades were walking in the bush many years ago. It showed me once that those heroes are men and women who were prepared to sacrifice for the freedom of their country. They were walking in the bush fighting for Zimbabwe to be independent. They were walking in the bush, to free the people of this country from colonial bondage. They were walking in the bush- they had no T and S, they had no vehicles but they were only fighting for the greater good of all of us.

Cde. Tekere, there is no doubt, he was a leader - a man who was committed to the independence of our country. 10 years in prison is no joke - Cde. Tekere served years in Sikombela, Hwa Hwa, Gonakudzingwa and so on, but he remained unshaken in his faith; in his determination to see a free and democratic Zimbabwe. A Zimbabwe which should provide for its citizens, a Zimbabwe which all of us dream or aspire to achieve. Cde. Tekere came back victorious, people were happy - many of us were young but the little that we have read and heard about Cde. Tekere and later in life having had the honour of interacting with this great hero of our country, humbled all of us to say that this man we are talking to is worth much more than any amount of dollars anyone can have in a bank.

He was a man who made it possible again and the Professor has spoken about it. He had his views - yes he fought for the multi-party democracy- that was the democracy and development debate, that must come first but that was never a departure under national interests. He was still confined, he called his party Zimbabwe Unity Movement. I think there is a significance, when you form a political party, there must be something that unites it with with nation or the country.

Mr. Speaker Sir, I think it is important for us to start locating this generation today, what is it that we are going to be known for? We have all stood up, we have all talked about Cde.Tekere and his exploits as guerrilla leader, as government minister in 1980, making sure that there were significant changes in manpower structure in Government. The Black Advancement Programme was started by Cde. Tekere but this generation must also be able to identify our own role in shaping the future of our country. The destination of our nation was started by these heroes; many of them are alive and many have departed but this generation of leaders must be able to identify a destination, a trajectory where we are going to take our nation to and we do not do it by insulting each other. We will not do it by calling each other names. We can only do it by being able to identify where the aspirations of our people lie.

Mr. Speaker Sir, a hero is a hero. I think it has been very clear that Cde. Tekere was a hero and I think President Mugabe's statement was one of the most profound statements in which he captured those moments where him and Cde. Tekere walked together and fought and again the point and time where there was a departure, but still he said in his statement that this man is a man who paid the supreme sacrifice for the independence of our country. I am saying so, trying once again to say to us the leadership in our country- what is our next step?

When we visited Cde. Tekere's place, in hospital and so forth, he will sit you down and say I agree with this programme. This is what we wanted to see happen. Cde. Tekere did not find pleasure in poverty, contrary to we might all want to say. He was actually one of the first black owners of Jagguer vehicles in this country. In other words, we can not try and move our nation forward by romanticising over poverty. Cde. Tekere was a believer in the empowerment of our people. Cde. Tekere's struggle, which is the political emancipation, must be combined in finding the economic and empowerment of our people. You can be free but you can not avoid exploitation. You can be free, but still not be free from exploitation. Right now as I speak in this august House, I want you to submit and say freedom yes we have it, but exploitation not yet. Why am I saying this? I am saying this Mr. Speaker Sir, when I look at the pain, at the difficulties and the challenges that our people are going through on a daily basis because of a skewed ownership of resources in this country. We are still having all our resources benefit and build at the capital at the expense of our people. This is not what Comrade Tekere fought for. I would want to call upon all hon. members of this House, our leaders to unite in pushing forward the vision that Comrade Tekere had, the aspirations, the need to remove our people from the quagmire of poverty and come up with ideas, strategies and measures that will see our nation being a highly developed nation.

Various debates, we have gone through them in this country about whether this country is highly indebted and poor country. There have been various analysts, people have said no. Highly indebted yes, but poor country no and that vision Comrade Kagurabadza lies now on our shoulders to deliver a better country. I picked on him because he was a very close friend of Comrade Tekere. That vision lies on hon. members in this room to say let us move forward and let us push this process forward fighting for the economic empowerment of our people. We should not hesitate to decide and carry forward the vision Comrade Tekere had and I think this is what will qualify many of us either as heroes or not. Comrade Tekere was a proud land owner himself. When the land reform programme started, he acquired a piece of land in Nyanga. He believed firmly in the land reform programme, he also believed firmly in the economic empowerment programme. These are some of the issues that are going to distinguish us as we go into the future. It is not the insults, it is not the amount of being able to say who took who to where. You know who took who took who to where and who led what process, that is for history and we will continue to lead the nation forward.

I wish the hon. member was still in this room. I am sure he was at one stage member of ZUM and I also realise the hon. member had just left the room. The former spokesman of ZUM, who is now the spokesperson for MDC. I must salute this guy because he has been able to achieve a lot in his life time, moving from one political party to the other. Like others say, consistency is the virtue of a donkey, it does not give in to these zig- zags. I hope next time Matutu will be ready to take him more nicely. Let me come back in summary to the issues that I have been talking about in my discussions and I know some of our colleagues had the opportunity of sharing some quality time with this hero. Comrade Tekere as we mourn him or as we talk about him today sacrificed. We must be prepared to sacrifice. It is not the amount of pain that must divert us. If anything, it is this pain that must give us the option of moving forward, of ensuring that our people at least are benefiting from their resources and start having a better life in their country. The freedom that Tekere fought for, the freedom that many of the war veterans of whom some of them are alive and some are buried stood for. Let us now start and I want to thank the Deputy Minister of Mines for recognizing the special role these heroes played in our society, we had not done enough for them. The detainees in this country, the mujibhas and chimbwidos in this country, we owe them a debt of gratitude. We must do much more. We say to the Tekere family, thank you very much for having given us a hero, thank you very much for having given us a selfless hero, a dedicated person. To the province of Manicaland, I am sure we all join and share with them the successes that this man achieved on behalf of the people of this country. I thank you.

MR. M. KUMALO: Thank you Mr. Speaker. I would like to start by thanking those members who have debated before me and my debate will be in the form of highlighting those issues that I feel might not have been given fair treatment by those who spoke before me. Comrade Tekere, 'Two Boy' Zivanayi stood for what he believed in, even during his days at school. I read that at one time during his school going ages, he was expelled at lower primary level as a young boy in Manicaland and was expelled from St. Augustine Tsambe Secondary where he had pursued his beliefs and his ideas and clashed with the school authorities there. He was later on expelled on political grounds from St Augustine Penalonga. Later on he founded the National Democratic Party with others, he founded ZAPU and ZANU and later on the Zimbabwe Unity Movement (ZUM). As we recognise his liberation struggle role, we should not forget the role that was played by his long time friend the late hero, Comrade Josiah Tongogara in protecting Comrade Tekere and Comrade Mugabe in Mozambique when Comrades like Cde Hamadziripi, Rugare Gumbo and others had rebelled against these two after they had crossed into Mozambique.

In 1981, Comrade Tekere was thrown out of the then ZANU PF government again after believing in his own ideas and had said no to the shift that was being taken by ZANU PF from the path they had agreed on. The path of socialism and the party was shifting into capitalism which Tekere stood his ground against and then he ended in expulsion from the ZANU PF party. In 1988, he was expelled from the party and not from government for opposing the one party state agenda, together with the like minded activists in the country. By that time, most of them were students and student leaders like Hon. A. Mutambara, Hon. Mbwembwe, Chief Charumbira, Mr. Chaibva and the others who had opposed in clear certain terms that they did not want the one-party umbrella in the country. After the formation of the Zimbabwe Unity Movement, in the 1990 elections, to show that he believed in his own ideas, he followed and pursued his beliefs. In 1990, he contested in a Presidential election with the one person that he had assisted to cross into Mozambique, Cde. Robert Mugabe, showing that friendship aside, or anything else aside, he was a person who was actually driven by his own beliefs.

Cde. Tekere is a true national hero as opposed to other cowards who would then bend their backs, kana zvinhu zvapisa, pane vamwe vanopfugama. Cde. Tekere followed and pursued his ideas whether viewed by others as wrong or good, he would always pursue and stand his ground. On several occasions, he escaped death, one incident which comes to mind is the Gweru incident where he was travelling alongside the late Cde. Patrick Kombayi when their vehicle was hijacked, resulting in the injury of Cde. Patrick Kombayi. As said earlier on, Cde. Tekere to me is truly a father of opposition politics, post the liberation movements. Apart from ZANU PF and ZAPU, he was the first person post-independence, to form a formidable opposition force in ZUM.

Mr. Speaker, Cde. Tekere died a bitter man after sacrificing for this country. He sacrificed a lot for this country but he died a bitter man. The nation is pained that as a country Zimbabwe, we cannot cater for our living heroes and their dependents to an extent that Cde. Two Boy Tekere ended up depending on hand-outs from friends and well wishers yet the role that he played during the liberation struggle is written on the wall for everyone to see. With this, I want to end by saying to the Tekere family, the Manicaland province and the country at large, we say to Cde. Tekere, Zororai murugare, hamba kahle, rest in peace. Thank you very much.

MR. MUTSEYAMI: I will say my honour to Cde. Tekere in brief. First and foremost, I would like to thank Hon. Gumbo for this responsibility that he has shown to profer the life of Cde. Tekere and to honour him in this Parliament. Cde. Tekere, from the history that we read and from what we saw at a later stage and from what we managed to grasp from the behaviour that Cde. Tekere had - as an individual, I learnt a lot. I believe, Zimbabwe at large as well learnt a lot from Cde. Edgar Tekere.

Cde. Edgar Tekere was born in 1937 in Makoni, in today's place called Makoni South. He went to school at a primary school in Nyamombe and he did his secondary education at St. Augustines. Cde. Edgar Tekere, is a holder of a Bachelor's Degree in Commerce. Cde. Edgar Tekere from the history that we got, at 14, he was well much versed into the politics of this country. He was part of the people who formed the NDP, from there, he was part of the people who formed ZANU PF. The history that Cde. Edgar Tekere played from the period that ZANU PF was formed up to the period that ZANU PF became a government, he played a very big role.

(i) As a fighter

(ii) In mobilising people from Manicaland to be part of the liberation programme under ZANU PF

(iii) In leading with the aid of Chief Rekayi Tangwena, to cross into Mozambique with the current President of the country of Zimbabwe, Cde. Robert Mugabe. That is a major part which he played which is very much recognisable by everyone else towards the liberation of this country.

In 1980, it is important to note as well that Cde. Edgar Tekere, for the independence celebrations of the Republic of Zimbabwe, Cde. Edgar Tekere, for the sake of entertainment on that day, he brought to this country the most prominent person who did good in the music industry, Robert Nesta Mally, to come to entertain Zimbabweans on their Independence day.

Mr. Speaker, it is important to note as well that in 1980, Cde. Edgar Tekere was appointed minister but hardly did he serve 12 months in the government because by then, he was relieved of his duties as a minister. Why, because Cde. Edgar Tekere as always, he would stick to the principles that ZANU PF had during the liberation struggle that now ZANU PF was confusing because it was now a government. It is important to note as well that Cde. Edgar Tekere was fired from ZANU PF by virtue of his stance of standing for the people of Zimbabwe, by virtue of his stance for standing for the good of Zimbabweans, by virtue of his stance for standing for the democracy of Zimbabwe to prevail rather than for the dictator to prevail, at the expense of the majority of the Zimbabweans.

In 1990, Cde. Edgar Tekere had his own party called the Zimbabwe Unity Movement which entered into elections and it managed to win some constituencies in Chipinge, Mutare and some other areas. By then, there was so much violence but regardless of the violence, Cde. Edgar Tekere managed to force this country with the aspect that they had, to push this country into a One-Party-State. With the aid of Cde. Edgar Tekere and the part that he played then, this country could not move into a one-party-system. So by virtue of that, we recognise the part that Cde. Edgar Tekere played to make sure that this country prevail as a democracy, as a multi-party-system rather than the spirit that ZANU PF wanted to initiate then for this country to become a one party state. If you look at the last days, we cherish that Comrade Edgar Tekere did a lot for this country, he is a hero, fought so hard for everyone to be liberated, that is above board. If you look at the last days of Comrade Edgar Tekere, he was not a happy man, he got most of his support from well-wishers. I remember seeing him in Mutare, when we were attending workshops and when we were invited by NGO's to do some presentations. Comrade Edgar Tekere would drive his old silver Nissan truck, he was suffering and I believe that truck was as well donated by a well-wisher. It is something that we need to learn and improve for the heroes of this country.

He got most of his medical support and medical attention from Dr. Pfumojena in Mutare and on most cases for no payment. Dr. Pfumojena attended to Comrade Edgar Tekere up to his last day of demise for free. I as well noted that the walker, that he was using to aid his movement was donated to him by hon. Pishayi Muchauraya, these are some of the things that happened. Grocery was given to him by friends and relatives, he also got support from the likes of Ibbo Mandaza and others. -[AN HON. MEMBER: And nothing from ZANU PF?]- The picture that everyone had was that Comrade Edgar Tekere, naturally was a Zimbabwean, a fighter, he was nowhere linked to a party called ZANU PF in his last days. All of a sudden, when he died, Comrade Edgar Tekere was now being identified clearly with ZANU PF, that is something else, which we need to look at.

For the sake of continuity, respect and for the sake of learning from history, it is important to respect our heroes whilst they are alive, not to honour them when they are late. Let us honour the heroes when they are still alive walk and when they die. Let us honour heroes' widows when their husbands are no more so that they live a better life. It is important for political parties to do the same as well. I say to the family of Comrade Edgar Zivanayi Tekere,tinoshupika, tinorwadziwa nekufa kwakaita Comrade Edgar Tekere. Tinoti mweya wa Comrade Edgar Tekere ngauzorore murugare uye zvakanaka. Thank you Mr. Speaker Sir.

*MR. SHOKO: Thank you Mr. Speaker Sir. When we look at the life of Comrade Tekere, we should look at it with a broader picture so that we know who this man really was. I do not want to repeat what has been said about Tekere, but I just want to add a few things. It is painful for me not to say something about Comrade Edgar Zivanayi Tekere, when I was his Chairperson and Hon. Chitando my secretary. Comrade Tekere was one of those few leaders in 1988. The DPM Mutambara will remember when we were demonstrating at the University of Zimbabwe, Comrade Tekere came out to support those demonstrations. What you said about Comrade Tekere being the main supporter of the Indigenisation Policy as it is now, is not true. It is true that he wanted indigenisation, but not as it is structured now.

If you remember Comrade Tekere in 1988, when there were problems at the U.Z. and students were demonstrating, he asked who had chewed up the leadership code. He said that democracy in Zimbabwe was in the intensive care unit, we all remember those words. Comrade Edgar Tekere remained steadfast over the goals that we had from the liberation struggle. When we were still in the liberation struggle, we believed the fighter was only a fish and the mass was the water, thus it is not possible for the fish to survive in a dry place. Comrade Tekere was a man who was pro-poor and principled, he would not let go of his noble principles. He had the principle that no one should exploit the other, his perspective on freedom was different from that of others now, that of exploiting those around you. For that reason, when Comrade Tekere realised that democracy was in the intensive care unit, we formed the Zimbabwe Unity Movement. I remember that particular day, we slept at Holiday Inn, he was in Suite Number 713. I, and Hon. Chitando were writing posters and then we went on to Rainbow Towers to launch the Zimbabwe Unity Movement. When we were designing the posters, we wrote the words, pasi nekutongera nyika mundege, then Comrade Tekere asked me to write the words 'ZUM says, pasi nekutongera nyika mundege. That statement means that leaders should stop wastefulness which was then at its peak and which I believe is still rampant today. Who are the people whom we call our heroes today? We now have heroes who are thieves or murderers, they are the ones we now call heroes? Is it because someone had amassed some wealth as we read from the press? Others are already members of the Cabinet. Those are heroes because they stole, looted and did all sorts of rampant things. I believe that if Comrade Edgar Tekere was still alive, he would still condemn these things. For us to stand up today and say, Comrade Edgar Tekere supported the Indigenisation and Empowerment Policy in this country today, is not true. I want to say, we all support the indigenisation and Empowerment Policy, but not as it is now. The policy must benefit everyone and not only the big fish in the government only. There are many amongst the Government officials who are afraid of saying the truth for fear of losing the heroes status. I urge them to say the truth so that we all speak with one voice. Those with different opinion should not be killed because a population of 40 million cannot have the same views. We must have pluralism or multi-party system - this was the democracy that Cde. Tekere advocated for. This democracy led him to form ZUM. If he had not done that we would have still been in a one party system. We would have been struggling until now.

I am greatly pained Mr. Speaker Sir. Let me pay may condolence to the bereaved family and the nation as a whole. We lost a true liberator, if it was not for him, Zimbabwe would have gone down the drain. Rest in peace Comrade Tekere.

*MR. J. M. GUMBO: I want to thank all hon. members who have contributed to the motion on the death of our hero, Comrade Tekere. I realised that all the contributions made today are different from the previous ones about our fallen heroes. I realised that we were in agreement, may be because we were talking about a person who contributed largely to the liberation of our country. I would like to thank the following hon members for contributing; Hon. Mudarikwa, Hon. Chimanikire, the Deputy Prime Minister Professor Mutambara, Hon. Mwonzora who worked with Comrade Tekere as his personal assistant, Hon. Kasukuwere, Hon. Kumalo and Hon. Shoko.

Mr. Speaker Sir, condolence messages should not be sent to the bereaved family after a year because it will have no effect. In our African culture, we hastily visit and console the bereaved family. For this reason I stood up to thank the hon. members who have contributed to this motion. They have spoken on behalf of all hon. members of this august House as every member cannot rise and speak on the same motion. As a whole House, we appreciate the work that this hero did on our behalf. I put it to this House that we accept and send these condolence messages to the Tekere family. I therefore move that these messages be conveyed to his family. He was not a hero to your family but for the whole country. May His Soul rest in peace. We hope that we will fulfill his wishes as long as we live. I move that these condolence messages be conveyed to the Tekere family.

Motion put and adopted.

On the motion of THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (PROF MUTAMBARA) , the House adjourned at Twelve Minutes past five o'clock p.m. until Tuesday, 12th July, 2011.

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National Assembly Hansard Vol. 37 NATIONAL ASSEMBLY HANSARD - 15 JUNE 2011 VOL. 37 NO. 35