You are here:Home>National Assembly Hansard>Vol. 38>NATIONAL ASSEMBLY HANSARD - 26 OCTOBER 2011 VOL. 38 NO. 12


Wednesday, 26th October, 2011.

The House of Assembly met at a Quarter-past Two O'clock p.m.



(MR. SPEAKER in the Chair)


MR. SPEAKER: Since this is the inaugural Prime Minister's question time, may I call upon the Hon Prime Minister to make a few remarks before we can pose questions to him.

THE PRIME MINISTER: Thank you Mr. Speaker. I would like to thank you for putting the Prime Minister's Question Time on the Order Paper as it gives hon. members an opportunity to check Government policies and to question all the other concerns that all hon. members will have from their constituencies. I want to highlight two issues, it is almost three years now since the inauguration of the Inclusive Government and you know that the Inclusive Government is a compromise of political parties and that we are bound by the Global Political Agreement in this Government. As I stand before you, I am not speaking on behalf of MDC or ZANU PF but from the consensus that will be emerging from Government and I appeal to members to take that into consideration.

Secondly, I am here to articulate policy, not operational issues as these can be directed to the relevant Ministers and I hope that you questions will be directed on how Government is pursuing policy issues and I think those will be in my capacity to respond. Lastly, I want to say that let it be a civilised debate and exchange and not a war. Thank you.

MR. MAZIKANA: Thank you Mr. Speaker Sir. It gives us pleasure as Members of Parliament to interact with our Prime Minister. Are there any contradictions within Cabinet on the Indigenisation Policy?

THE PRIME MINISTER: I would like to thank the hon. member for asking that question that is of national concern. You are aware that in 2007, a law was passed in this country regarding the Indigenisation Policy and when the Inclusive Government was formed regulations were enacted to try to put in place that enabling legislation. There are a number of changes that have been highlighted, first and foremost, this country must be seen to be promoting investment rather than damaging investment and therefore some of the clauses in the Indigenisation Act were actually removed in order to create that environment. I shall mention here for instance in the Act, it says 'you shall seed for nothing'. The regulations now say you shall seed for value. In the enabling legislation, it say 'those who do not comply will be criminalised. The current regulation does not criminalise investors. In the enabling legislation, it would appear the intention was nationalisation and expropriation in the regulation that is not there. The Minister of Youth and Indigenisation was asked first to consult various stakeholders in various industries in order to come with a minimum threshold of participation by business people and that he proceeded to do.

When he did that, he came to the Council of Ministers in which the first session that was debated and concluded was the mining sector, the next stage was to go to the banking sector and the idea being that for all these sectors, there was a minimum threshold agreed and that it was not a question of rough-shoding people, but it was a question of debate, dialogue, so that this process will be achieved. It would appear that there is a contradiction when there is sometimes a rhetoric which is not necessary and in-fact political rhetoric which is not necessary and there appears the contradictions you are highlighting. Otherwise with the trust and law, there does not seem to be any contradiction, it is the implementation which some people would like to politicize, when it is not a political issue. It is not a partisan issue, we want to encourage the participation of Zimbabweans and no one argues about that. Every Zimbabwean must be given an opportunity to participate but we do not want a policy which then contradicts with the whole thrust of promoting investment and creates a negative investment which then destroys a few jobs we have.

Our view, I think everyone would agree that the idea is not to share a small cake, the idea is to grow the cake so that we can all share. This has to be very clear that the intention is to encourage participation, but because our people are poor, to invite them to seed for value when they do not have money to go kunogaisa kana chibage chaicho, and expect them to participate in millions of dollars, I think it is expecting too much. So there is need to create alternatives, wealth creation fund for the resources that we have got in order that all of us can then participate. So there are no contradictions.

MR. KANZAMA: Hon. Prime Minister, in view of what you have highlighted, what is the current policy now regarding the Community Share Trust which was launched in ZIMPLATS last week?

MR. SPEAKER: Your question is quite specific Hon. Kanzama, you require to get details of what is the correct position. Therefore, may you direct that question to the relevant Minister.

MS. D. SIBANDA: Hon. Prime Minister, is the Press correct in quoting you that you have made a sudden U-turn to the gay rights and that you are advocating inclusion for the gay rights in our new Constitution - [HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections]-

MR. SPEAKER: Order, order hon. members. I can see that there is excitement on this question. May I remind hon. members that yesterday when I made an announcement, I made it clear that your questions should be policy questions. However, I know that this issue is an issue of national interest, I will allow the Prime Minister to answer.

THE PRIME MINISTER: Mr. Speaker Sir, I would like to appreciate the fact that the hon. member has put this before you. My personal view does not matter. The people of Zimbabwe are writing the Constitution in which they would like to define their society and who am I to question their wisdom if they decide to include the question of gay rights into the Constitution. As far as this is concerned, this is an elitist debate when people have no food, when people have no jobs and when people have so many problems. It is a diversionary attitude Mr. Speaker Sir, if I may just try to implore that diverting from the real issue and putting this to the focus of the nation, is a real diversionary. There are more important issues to deal with. Let me say that perhaps I am speaking here kuda mumwe musi murimo muringochani panapa - [HON. MEMBERS: Inaudible interjections] - What you do in your private life is your problem and not mine.

MR. SPEAKER: Order, order hon. members. May I appeal once again that this is a very serious session and therefore I will appeal that we do minimum intervention in order to allow the Prime Minister to explain the national position on national issues. May I request that respect be given and allow him finish rather than to continue interjections as he speaks.

MR. SITHOLE: Thank you Mr. Speaker Sir, my question to the Prime Minister is, what is the policy of Government in terms of unfinished projects? As you are aware almost in every ministry, we have got projects that five years or ten years old that are unfinished. What is your policy as Government or as Cabinet?

THE PRIME MINISTER: Mr. Speaker Sir, that is a more constructive debate. Hon. member, we are aware of unfinished projects and we need over US$500 million to finish them. Whenever I am going out for Government work programmes to investigate, I find unfinished buildings and as I am going to Matabeleland North this coming four or five days, there are many buildings that are unfinished. It is our priority to make sure that they have to be completed first before new projects are implemented. I would like to assure you that the Minister of Public Works is aware of these projects and some of these buildings are at ridiculous levels of just putting on paint. For instance, the Registrar General's office needs US$5 million to be completed because it has been there for a long time. So we are aware of those projects and the idea is to complete them first before new projects are implemented.

MR. SULULU: Mr. Speaker Sir, I would like to thank the Prime Minister for giving us this opportunity to ask questions. In some countries mineral resources in general and in particular diamonds, contribute significantly to the government revenue resulting in better salaries, much improved social welfare services. Are you really satisfied with the level of income being generated from the diamonds in this country?

MR. SPEAKER: Order, order, Hon. Sululu. I earlier on made remarks that we need to dwell on policy questions and your question does not seek to ask the Prime Minister what should be done to review and therefore your question is overruled until you get your question organised.

MS. A. NDHLOVU: The 2010 MDG report indicated that the country is lagging behind with regards to the MDGs that the country has agreed to. I would like to find out from the Prime Minister what Government policy is in ensuring that the country is on track in as far as achieving those MDGs is concerned, particularly MDG no. 1,3, 5, 6, and 7? MDG 1 is on eradication of poverty and extreme hunger, MDG 3 is on empowerment of women, MDG 6 is on reducing infant mortality, MDG 5 is on maternal mortality and MDG 7 is on achieving sustainable environmentalism.

THE PRIME MINISTER: I would like to thank Hon. Ndhlovu for these questions. They are very broad and these are the questions that the Government is grappling with through the Government work programme. As you know, to achieve the MDGs, one needs the necessary resources. As you are aware, the Minister of Finance always tells you about fiscal space. If we are spending 70% of our income on salaries and leaving 30% to deal with these issues, you can appreciate that it is an uphill task to fulfill.

However, I must say that Government is promoting women empowerment, you know that we have a ministry that is responsible for that. Infant mortality, if we look at the stage where we were two and a half years ago, you will appreciate that the health delivery system in this country has greatly improved, in terms of drugs, in terms of support on HIV support services and in terms of other health delivery services.

I think that whilst we may not achieve the goals as set up by the UN, the Government is on course in implementing its health programme, which it specifically wants to target. The whole idea of Government is to eradicate poverty and if we do not eradicate poverty, we will have failed our duty. Thank you very much for that question.

MR. GONESE: Hon. Prime Minister, in terms of Article 19 of the Global Political Agreement, there is a provision for freedom of expression and freedom of communication. Now more than two years down the line, we still have a monopoly in respect of the electronic media. What is the Inclusive Government going to do to ensure that we have plurality and to ensure that the airwaves are opened?

THE PRIME MINISTER: I think in terms of media freedom, this is one of the outstanding reforms that we need to implement. One of the key priorities was to ensure that the public media desists from hate speech, vilifying the other members of the Government. One will be forgiven to think for instance, if you pick up The Herald, The Sunday Mail and some of these public media, that we are running two Governments in this country.

I want to assure you that I, His Excellency the President and Hon. Mutambara, one of the critical interventions that we are looking at and that we have directed the Minister of Information is that the Broadcasting Authority must the rectified, the board must be reconstituted and there has to be multiple media voices in this country instead of just having one voice. In fact, if we are to open up democratic space, one of the issues is media space.

We can not have a situation in which the same people who are controlling the print media want again to go into the radio. It is time now we open up the media in terms of radio access because our people in the rural areas must have radio access but it must be multiple radio access. You would agree with me that without dealing with this media freedom, we cannot talk of any democratic development in the country. I am hoping that together with His Excellency and Hon. Mutambara we can continue as leadership of the Government to implore Hon. Shamu and his department to ensure that we expedite the opening up of media space.

MR. MUDARIKWA: Good afternoon Hon. Prime Minister. What is our national policy on parastatals because the current situation is that most of the parastatals do not have boards. Some people have been rewarded in serving four boards. Maybe they have been rewarded that because the parastatals they were leading were making a loss so they must lead another board to make a loss. The permanent secretary is the acting chairman of the board. How then do we achieve corporate governance under these situations? The law of this country says that if a parastatal makes a loss, at the end of the year, that loss must then be transferred to the national debt. How then are we going to manage our national debt while on the other side we have opened for people to make losses? The national debt will affect the day to day lives of our people.

THE PRIME MINISTER: Maita Murehwa. I think the question you are putting forward is a very pertinent question when we have very little space for any finances. The minister responsible for Parastatals and State Enterprises has already done some work in ensuring that there is standard cooperate governance in parastatals. One of the first steps he had to institute was to make sure that all boards of all parastatals must be reconstituted. I am hoping that some of you with expertise will serve in some of these boards.

I think that one of the greatest weaknesses in our parastatals is that there is no sense of responsibility because it belongs to the State and because it belongs to the State, I do not have to worry whether it is making profit or not. The result has been that day in and day out, the State has been dipping in its pockets to try and save these parastatals.

We have already said the time has come to categorize these parastatals, the loss making ones, those that need to be commercialised and those that need to be privatised. It has to be a systematic approach to individual parastatals. There are some parastatals, state enterprises that are doing well but the majority of them are a very serious drain on our resources.

If I can give you an example, Air Zimbabwe for instance, has already incurred US$130 million debt and we are supposed to take over that debt. The Reserve Bank has over a billion, so we need to make sure that we do not rescue the parastatals that are not making a contribution to the fiscus. It starts with the fact that those boards who are managing these parastatals start firing their Chief Executives because they are not contributing to the fiscus.

MR. JEMBERE: Hon. Prime Minister, some sections of the media claim that you did not live up to the promise you made to civil servants that you will review their salaries. What is your response to this allegation?

MR. SPEAKER: Hon. member, that is not a policy question. However, because the question has to do with the civil servants, I will allow the Prime Minister to respond in the national interest.

THE PRIME MINISTER: I think hon. members here must understand that the issue of civil servants has just been resolved by an increase in July. So it is not speculation, it is actually a fact that Government is responding to the plight of civil servants. Of course, we are limited by our ability to 'how much', but we are still committed to ensuring that we improve the conditions of service for civil servants depending on the resources. I am aware that you are salivating to get an increment as MPs.

MR. MANGWANA: I would want to ask the Hon. Prime Minister to clarify Government policy to support commercial agriculture. We are aware that Government set aside about US$45 million to subsidise cost of inputs to A1 and communal farmers but nothing has been allocated to commercial agriculture. The cost of growing one hectare of maize is in excess of US$900 and the national yield on maize is around 2.5 tonnes per hectare, making commercial agriculture unviable. What is Government policy on subsidising commercial agriculture which we need to revitalise?

THE PRIME MINISTER: Thank you Hon. Mangwana. That question is certainly directed to the Minister of Agriculture in specific terms. However, as a Government, one of the things you must understand is that Government has to promote subsidies to the most vulnerable and not to those on the upper echelons of the agricultural sector. In the end, I think that what commercial agriculture and commercial farmers should do is to open up financing services with commercial banks. I think that Government has adopted a policy to subsidise inputs to small growers because they are in a vulnerable stage. We cannot subsidise consumers and I think it is dangerous for any agricultural policy to start subsidising consumers, including commercial farmers who have much liberty to go and borrow from banks. We support the vulnerable because we do not have sufficient resources to extend to commercial farmers.

MR. S. KHUMALO: Hon. Prime Minister, last month marked the third anniversary of the Global Political Agreement, is it a happy anniversary? - [laughter]-

MR. SPEAKER: Order, hon. member, that is not a policy question.

MR. MUTOMBA: Thank you very much Mr. Speaker. What is the Government policy towards awarding an investor who can be an internal or external investor a contract to repair our roads on a Built Operate and Transfer (BOT) basis?

THE PRIME MINISTER: Thank you Hon. Mutomba. The issue of infrastructure with regards to Private Public Partnership is already known. For instance, the Beitbridge-Chirundu, Bulawayo-Mutare are roads that are already being discussed in terms of BOT. Let me explain that Government has no sufficient resources to work at all our infrastructure. Therefore, we are encouraging Private Public Partnerships and I think this is where the BOT arrangement can be addressed. We are aware of course of the deterioration of our road infrastructure and I am hoping that those who will be interested to participate in such a project, I am sure they should approach the relevant ministries like the Ministry of Transport. I thank you.

MR. KANZAMA: In last year's Budget, Government promised that money will be allocated to the ministry to construct roads in rural areas. Is Government going to succeed in allocating the necessary funding this year?

THE PRIME MINISTER: I am aware of that commitment and I am aware that these are very specific operational issues. You should go and ask the Minister of Finance whether he has put that provision in place. I am aware that policy was adopted and the budget was adopted and the provision was made. Therefore, I am hoping that at an operational level, the minister will make that provision.

MR. MUTSEYAMI: Good afternoon the Rt. Hon. Prime Minister. My question has got to do with the substantial increase of basic commodities which is directly affecting the ordinary person in the rural community as a result of the reinforcement of duty on basic commodities, when you look at cooking oil, green bar, all that stuff, what is Government's policy bearing in mind the challenge that is being faced by the rural elite as a result of raising funds? I thank you.

THE PRIME MINISTER: I am surprised that the hon. member wants to defend the elite amid the rural poor. I am sure the Minister of Finance will introduce the removing of duty. The one objective was that instead of buying things from outside we needed to produce our own things inside the country. So, in putting this barrier to import, he was actually encouraging local manufacturers to produce those goods and services at a much cheaper rate and I am sure that you will appreciate the fact that the inflation rate in this country is the lowest. The only problem that we have is the liquidity situation in the rural areas because money is not available, but otherwise in terms of inflation, the country reached a miracle in reducing inflation to that low level. As for the rural elite, they should go to the urban areas and buy cheaper goods.

MR. RARADZA: Thank you Mr. Speaker for affording me this opportunity. My question is, how is the agricultural policy at the moment? People were informed that seed and fertiliser would be at reasonable cost and the Government would avail US$45 million. That money, we want to find out where it went because the seed that is coming to the rural areas is not subsidized and people are having to exchange their maize for the seed and the fertiliser. What does the policy say concerning agriculture? It did not start here alone but this has happened over a period of time and people have been told that the Government will subsidize but these things have not yet come.

MR. SPEAKER: Order hon. members, one question at a time. Hon. Member, that question was partly responded to. Maybe for the benefit of those members who were not in last time, maybe in vernacular the Prime Minister will respond for the benefit of other members who may have missed it in English.

THE PRIME MINISTER: Thank you Mr. Speaker. I think on the issue of people buying seed in the rural areas, those are issues that should be addressed to hon. Made and work out a plan on how those people in the rural areas can access those inputs and how the inputs that will be going to the rural areas and the GMB will be done. But the point is, we should try and make sure that small scale farmers access seeds at a reasonable price. As far as this policy is concerned, the policy is available.

MRS. MATAMISA: The Right Honourable Prime Minister, thank you for coming to our rescue, we really longed for this time. Are there any policy measures that can be put in place to encourage urban local authorities to exempt families with children with disabilities and special needs from paying rates and other fees since this is Government's responsibility to care for the special needs and the disabled? I thank you.

THE PRIME MINISTER: Most of the policies and by-laws regarding social intervention by local authorities is the responsibility of the relevant council. It is not the responsibility of Government. Government has its own intervention policies through vulnerable groups. It is up to the local authority to make those exemptions. I am sure as a Member of Parliament you should be able to go to those councils. After all they belong to the same group as you. Thank you.

MRS. MASAITI: Hon. Prime Minister, is it Government policy to evict owners of stands that are allocated to them by Government, especially in urban centres without getting eviction notices from the court?

MR. SPEAKER: Order hon. member. That is not a policy question.

MR. HURUBA: Thank you Mr. Speaker. We do not know what to do anymore. We went around with the Prime Minister and witnessed the drought in Masvingo especially in Chivi. What we were hoping at the moment was that people would be assisted with food for work. Up until now, people are starving and I do not know how the Government actually views this issue on alleviating the hunger that has stricken the people of Chivi.

THE PRIME MINISTER: I am sure that the hon. Member will agree with me that the food assessment situation in the country has revealed that Masvingo, some parts of Manicaland, the lowveld, Matabeleland, all those areas are food deficit areas. What theGovernment is doing is that no one should starve because there is sufficient maize in the country in moving the grains from the surplus areas to the deficit areas. I am sure that the relevant ministers, the Minister of Labour and Social Welfare who is responsible for that has already put mechanisms in place. If there are people who are in that dire situation, then certainly we should be able to look at it and make a follow-up on that, otherwise there is sufficient maize in the country not to allow anyone to go hungry and I can assure you this is a Government policy.

MR. M. KHUMALO: Thank you very much Mr. Speaker Sir. My question to the Right Hon. Prime Minister is, what is Government policy in terms of creating a peaceful environment in the country as we have seen an increase in incidences of violence with the most disturbing being the invasion of this august House by known rowdy elements who have still not been arrested?

THE PRIME MINISTER: I think the issue of violence is not something that can be condoned by any Government and I think you will agree with me that there has been substantial reduction in incidences of violence, all be it of course sporadic incidences here and there. This is a responsibility of the police without exception, where people commit acts of violence with impunity, I think that should not be tolerated. In specific terms the Government has already asked the Co-Ministers of Home Affairs to ensure that the police do their job professionally and arrest those that commit those kind of crimes. Let us hope that specific incidences can be highlighted and brought to the relevant ministry and we can also make a follow-up. This is not an issue, sometimes people at national level like this have a tendency of instilling and instituting violence underneath and yet what we are all talking about from the President, myself and everyone is that there should be no violence and we should make that particular campaign cascade down to the lowest level so that people understand. Why commit violence, why black on black violence, why is it necessary? Thank you.

MR. HLONGWANE: Thank you Mr. Speaker. Prime Minister, what measures is Government putting in place to make sure that as we go towards elections, political parties do not fight over issues of contesting power?

THE PRIME MINISTER: Thank you honourable member. This is a very serious national question. If we are to go for an election, which is credible and legitimate, we must desist from any forms of coercion and intimidation, which means that what we are doing is that first and foremost, we are convening a meeting of all national executives of central committees of all political parties. From there we have a code of conduct of all political parties right down to the branch or ward or whatever you want to call it, because violence is not taking place at the higher level. Violence is taking place at the base, in the villages, on the farms and I think that in itself, we need to cascade the issue of peaceful co-existence and not just fighting each other. After all, if we believe the people have a say, they should have a say and not try to coerce them.

MR. MAHLANGU: Hon. Prime Minister, I think a month ago during the start of the Libyan revolution, the Inclusive Government took a divided position to say that they are not going to recognise NTC. They are going to still recognise Gaddafi as the Leader of Libya. Now that Gaddafi has gone, what is Government's position on NTC? Thank you very much.

THE PRIME MINISTER: Circumstances dictate behaviours. The situation in Libya has changed and I have always said that even if there was a different position in Government then, I think the matter is that the people of Libya must have the sovereign right to choose their leaders. The AU has taken a position and I am sure that Zimbabwe is bound by the AU position in spite of our own personal or party position. I think that it is very clear that we go with the AU position.

MR. BHASIKITI: Thank you Mr. Speaker. I would like to know from the Prime Minister what Government position is with regards to one of its key priorities which has been to ensure that there is a new Constitution in this country but the process is continously stalled by lack of finance but you would realise that the amount needed to see this process through is not even more than US$50 000, but continously the process is being stalled. Can the Prime Minister give an explanation on whether we have change of priority in that regard?

THE PRIME MINISTER: Thank you Hon. Speaker. I want to assure the honourable member that the Constitution is part of a process of leading to an election. So it is actually a key priority. I do not know the full details of the funding, but I can assure you that money has been made available. In fact, the last batch was almost US$2 million given to this process. Everyone is concerned that the process is actually taking too long, not because of financing but because of other contributions and I would appeal to the COPAC chairpersons to ensure that this process is expedited because according to the SADC road map, the Constitution has to be completed, a referendum has to be undertaken before we go to an election. So I think all Zimbabweans are hoping that we can expedite this process and conclude it and I am sure that funding has been made. Funding is not the issue.

MR. GWIYO: My question to the Right Honourable Prime Minister is, what is Government policy on wikileaks and how safe are State secrets.

THE PRIME MINISTER: I am sure that State secrets are very safe but the problem is that if you go to a diplomatic function they start drinking wine and blabbering, that is your own problem and not the problem of the State.

Prime Minister's Question Time interrupted by MR. SPEAKER in terms of Standing Order No. 34.



1. MS D. SIBANDA asked the Co-Minister of Home Affairs to explain:

(i) Why records of birth-certificates for all districts in the country dating as far back as 1982 are only kept in Harare, a situation which forces people to travel that far to get these valuable documents; and

(ii) Why the Ministry is not entering data on such birth certificates into the computer for easy access by the Provinces.


We wish to highlight that record keeping of birth registrations was logically inherited by the Department from the system that was applicable during the colonial era. The system was that a single notice of birth registration form was completed by the District Office and the form was submitted on a monthly basis to Central Registry for record keeping purposes. The registering District Office remained with an index register which enabled the office to issue a duplicate copy of short birth certificate (BD5) to the client.

From 1982, the registration form was not being completed in duplicate with the duplicate copy being retained at the Provincial Registry. This allowed citizens to apply for copies at the Provincial Registry. From 2003 to date, the birth registration form is now being completed in triplicate with the triplicate form being retained by the registering District Registry, the duplicate filed at the Provincial Registry, while the original is sent to Central Registry for filing.

The second part of the question is that though the department is

computerised, not all districts are computerised. We are still rolling out the system to the district offices throughout the country. These districts that are computerised are doing the capturing on their own. For those districts that are not yet computerised, their work is captured into the system at the Provincial Registries. Capturing or archived records which are kept at Central Registry started in March 2006. Prior 2006, the Department has been providing a service where requests for duplicate full (long) birth certificate made through the Provincial Registry are faxed to Central Registry, captured into the system, thereby enabling the Provincial Office to print the birth certificate and as such, there is no need for clients to come to Harare for copies of birth certificates.



2. MR SITHOLE asked the Co-Ministers of Home Affairs to explain to the House:

(i) The criteria used in allocating new vehicles to relevant police stations countrywide; and

(ii) how the Ministry expects Rural Police Stations to operate effectively when they do not have vehicles at their disposal as is the case with Ndali Police Stations in Chiredzi District of Masvingo Province.

THE CO-MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS (MRS. MAKONE): The distribution of police vehicles to various police establishments countrywide is a responsibility that lies with the Transport section within the ZRP headed by a senior officer of the rank of Assistant Commissioner, who is also a qualified transport technician.

The criteria of allocation by the section largely depends on a number of considerations. For example, the terrain of a particular area, the type of vehicles available for distribution at that particular time, crime trends for a particular station, its remoteness and general economic activities being policed by the concerned station.

Resultantly, it follows that rural police stations will definitely receive vehicles of a different make to those given to urban stations. For example, the organisation recently acquired defenders that have been distributed to rural stations whilst those urban areas received Ford Ranger trucks.

We want to put to the attention of the Hon. Member of Parliament that in each case, however Provincial Commanders within the ZRP are consulted before disbursement of vehicles at least to ensure that those stations in critical need benefit first.

Such considerations are made only when the organisations has the vehicles, otherwise we are faced with stiff challenges as sometimes authorities are left with no option but to give a station a vehicle that is not good for the terrain, for the simple reason that it is the only vehicle available at the time. For example, the distribution of the Mitsubishi trucks was none selective as it was the only vehicle type available at that time.

On the second part of the question, as with regards to Ndali police station in Masvingo Province referred to in the question by the hon. Member of Parliament, records of which the MP might not be aware of are that police stations in the same District have received Defenders for example, Renco, Chikombedzi, Ngundu, Mkwasine with Mashoko set to receive its own allocation any time soon.

Basically purchase of the vehicles s slow but an on-going process and we call upon those responsible for finances to ensure resources are availed for the police not only to avail a vehicle for Ndali but also to other stations around the country so that the police can execute their duties in the most professional way members of this House would love to see.



3. MR. CHIMHINI asked the Co-Ministers of Home Affairs whether the Ministry could consider deploying traffic police to alleviate the problems faced by the members of the public due to the increase of traffic volume and failure by the motorists to observe the traffic regulations during peak hours.

THE CO-MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS (MRS. MAKONE): Deployments by the police are planned according to crime trends in specific areas. The police maintain various tools to help them monitor problematic areas in the country at different intervals during the day and night and this influences deployments.

Traffic congestion can be traced to the increased volume of traffic on the roads, poor infrastructure such as poor maintenance of traffic lights, narrow roads and inadequate enforcement regulations. Despite the lack of maintenance of traffic lights in urban areas, the police will continue to deploy officers to ensure smooth traffic movement. There is however need for particularly local authorities to apply themselves fully so that this problem is ameliorated.

However, there now is a clear need for our urban local authorities, especially the bigger ones, to revisit the road infrastructure as the local planning and development authorities in order to urgently address the rapidly worsening traffic congestions in their areas.


7. MR. CHIMHINI asked the Minister of Education, Sport, Arts and Culture to quantify the contribution to the GDP by the Arts and Culture sector and inform the House how the Ministry intends to promote this sector which has the potential to generate revenue for the fiscus.

THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF EDUCATION, SPORT, ARTS AND CULTURE (MR. DOKORA): Mr. Speaker Sir, the hon. member wishes to know the contribution to the GDP by the Arts and Culture sector.

I have to inform the members and the august House that a research carried out in 2007 by NACZ revealed that the sector is estimated to employ over 200 thousand people representing 20 percent of the total employment figures realised gross earning of over Z$500 billion, representing 10 percent of total earnings according to CSO, 2003 data. This in comparison with the estimated earnings amounting to Z$400 billion during the same period from the agricultural sector points to the very significant contribution of the industry to the economy.

As you may be aware Mr. Speaker Sir, visual and music sectors are the major employers and earners in the industry with estimated proportions of 60-65 percent and 25-30 percent respectively. Foreign currency earnings in the visual sector were estimated at US$10 million in 2005, with indicators that this figure has risen by up to 100 percent in the last 2 years. It is evident that the current foreign earnings represent a very small proportion of the actual and potential earnings and this inflow can be improved given a supportive environment for doing so. The sector is closely related to the Tourism sector and estimated to account for up to 50 percent of the Tourism sector's contribution.

The Arts and Culture is estimated to contribute 14 and 16 percent to the Gross Domestic Product and this contribution has potential to grow. The National Arts Council of Zimbabwe's mission to make the Arts and Cultural industries the largest contributor to GDP by 2014 can be realised.

Mr. Speaker Sir, I am pleased to inform the House that the culture sector is a potential driver of economic growth and development in Zimbabwe. In this regard, it is important to note that South Africa earns approximately US$250 million per annum (0.14 of it GDP) (i) from this sector. However, the contribution of culture is often not indicated in national statistics due to the informal nature of this sector, and its interconnectedness with other sectors of the economy in Zimbabwe.

The culture sector benefits from the tourism industry in Zimbabwe. Evidence from both the culture and tourism sectors place at 15-20 percent the proportion of culture sector contributions to the tourism earnings. In 2007, the tourism industry received 2,508,255 visitors and contributed US$365,270,194; 17 percent of GDP (ii) to the economy, contribution of the culture sector to the tourism industry is estimated in the range of US$54,790,529 to US$73,054,038 for 2007.

The tourism industry derives its mainstay from the culture sector, as the largest volume of tourists who visit the country are in pursuit of a cultural experience, including visits to places of cultural heritage such as Great Zimbabwe, Khami Ruins, National Museums and Monuments. While in the country, tourists are entertained by artists in various sectors and on departure purchase visual artifacts that they take home. It is these artifacts, sharing of the cultural experiences (photographs and stories) that in fact create a market for Zimbabwean Tourism products.

Mr. Speaker Sir, from the above observations, it is evident that,

1. Cultural heritage sites form a major component of Zimbabwe Tourism Industry. Current plans are centred on expanding cultural tourism to cover urban landscape tourism.

2. Advertising tourism in Zimbabwe is conducted through video developed by the music and performing arts sub-sectors. The making of such advertising materials involves engaging the film sub-sector and graphic artists and other support structures within the culture sector.

3. The hospitality sector within the tourism industry relies on the performing arts sub-sector for providing a warm welcoming effect to tourism and entertainment in the evenings. Visual art products are a key display feature at hotel receptions, the international airport, food outlets, gardens, rooms, and are a major determinant to choice of hotel or food outlets.

4. Over 90 percent of tourists purchase at least a single piece from the visual arts sub-sector, as memory of their African experience (souvenir).

5. The culture of a local people is a major attraction for tourism and albeit for other industries, entrepreneurs and tourists would visit Zimbabwe because of the "warm and friendly" experience they would have had.

6. Of the 2,508,255 visitors received in 2007, for example, 17 005 of them were on educational visits, a large proportion of which are related to our cultural heritage sites. This implies a significant contribution of the culture heritage sector to the tourism receipts despite the adverse macro-economic effects.

7. 11 609 room nights were sold in 2007. Of these 14 percent were occupied by tourists. A significant proportion of these were in key tourist resorts such as the Victoria Falls. This indicates the magnitude of the Arts and Culture contribution to our GDP. Some of these activities include among others, music, literary and visual arts, theater and dance and participation in local film fare.

In light of the afore-cited potential of the Arts and Culture sector contribution to the GDP, I am pleased to inform the House that my ministry is in the process and wishes to continue to scale up in these activities. It is important also to note that my ministry alone cannot achieve the intended result without the necessary support from other line ministries such as Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Tourism to make efforts to promote the Zimbabwean Arts and Culture industry in a bid to contribute to the development for our nation.

Mr. Speaker Sir, I hope the august House will appreciate my Ministry's and other line Ministries' efforts to promote arts and culture.

MR. CHIKWINYA: The Minister has outlined so much revenue which is coming into the country through the sporting activities but why are the players and the individuals not being taxed like any other earner in the country?

MR. SPEAKER: Order hon. member the taxation part of it is the Ministry of Finance's responsibility. I am not sure whether the Deputy Minister would like to respond.


9. MS. MANGAMI asked the Minister of Labour and Social Services to inform the House whether there are any plans to increase the deceased pension fund pay out to the surviving dependants as the amount currently being paid out is just too little to make economic sense?

THE MINISTER OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL SERVICES (MS. MPARIWA): The National Social Security Scheme pays deceased pensions under its two schemes; the Accident Prevention and Workers Compensation Scheme and the Pension and Other Benefits Scheme (the National Pension Scheme (NPS).

(i) Deceased pension fund under the National Pension Scheme (NSP)

The National Pension Scheme currently pay out three types of pensions; Retired pension, Survivor's pension and Invalidity pension. The Survivor's pension is paid to surviving dependants of a pensioner, or deceased contributor who, at the time of death, would have been entitled to an invalidity or retirement benefit. This benefit can be accessed by the widow/widower or dependant children of the deceased as long as the children are below the age of 18 or 25 years or if the child is in full time education. Permanently disabled dependent children, regardless of their age and parents of the deceased contributor can also qualify for the benefit.

The level of the survivors depends on the level of the retirement pension the deceased contributor or pensioner would have been entitled to. The rate of Survivor's pension, as provided for in Statutory Instrument 393 of 1993 is 40 per cent of the pension the deceased employee or pensioner was or would have been entitled to. This therefore means that, as long as the level of the retirement pension is low, the level of the survivor's pension would also be low.

For NSSA, under the National Pension Scheme, the highest paid survivor's pensioner receives US$150.00 and the lowest paid receives US$20.00. The survivor's pensioner of US$150.00 was first paid when the ceiling on insurable earnings had been lifted. This means that if the deceased contributor had retired at that time he/she would have received a monthly pension of US$375.00. The bulk of survivor's pensioners on US$20.00 per month first received their pensions during the Zimbabwean dollar era. Some are survivors of lowly paid farm workers whose pensions, when calculated fall below US$20.00 but are raised to US$20.00 since US$20.00 is the minimum pension level in this category.

As long as the retirement pension is low the survivor's pension will also remain low. There are issue that therefore need to be addressed to increased the level of the retirement pension. These include the ceiling on insurable earnings and the level of the rate of contribution to the National Pension Scheme. If these issues are addressed, retirement pensions and hence survivor's pensions will improve.

(ii) Deceased Pension Fund under the Accident Prevention and Workers Compensation Scheme

The scheme does not have a ceiling on insurable earnings. Determinants of the levels of survivor's pension are;

(a) The worker's degree of disablement

(b) The worker's salary at time of death or injury

(c ) Percentage of worker's pension widows/widowers and children are entitled to.

According to Statutory Instrument 68 of 1990, if a worker qualifies for a pension under this scheme his/her children would concurrently receive survivor's pension as follows:

i. Theyoungest child;12.5% of the worker's pensioners

ii. Thesecond youngest to the fifth youngest child;5% of the worker's pension collectively, and

iii. Thesixth youngest child and the rest;-1% of the worker's pension collectively.

In the event that the worker dies, his or her spouse would receive two-thirds of the worker's pension, as survivor's pension.

At the moment the highest paid survivor's pensioner under the Accident Prevention and Workers Compensation Scheme receives US$1,248.00 and the minimum pension under this scheme is US$20.00

In conclusion, NSSA has always put in place measures to increase level of pensions. These measures include regular actuarial reviews and advice on the level of contributions and benefits. Currently NSSA is carrying out such a review with a view of increasing the level of these pensions next year.

MS. MANGAMI: Mysupplementary question concerns the pension which was supposed or which is supposed to be paid to those who were actually caught within the transitional period of the Z$ and the USD of which some of us have that fate. Maybe I could not get that clearly, what is the fate of those people? They have not got their lump-sum and whether they are supposed to be paid their gratuities, what is their fate to date?

MS. MPARIWA: I think I mentioned that in passing. If it is not the hon. member who has always asked this question in terms of what is the fate of those that have lost their incomes or pensions due to the Z$ era, that becomes the Treasury issue. I have always referred that this question does not belong to me because I am not the Minister of Finance. It belongs to the Ministry of Finance which is the Treasurer.


10. MR. MAHLANGU asked the Minister of Education, Sport. Art and Culture to make a comprehensive statement on the state of education in this country considering the low pass rate recorded in our schools last year and what measures are being taken by the Ministry to ensure that the pass rate is improved and to state whether all 'O' level students who failed to raise examination fees will be allowed to write this year's examinations.

THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF EDUCATION, SPORT, ARTS AND CULTURE (MR. DOKORA): I thank the hon. member for raising that question, it provides us an opportunity to clarify a number of things. I would like to inform the member and the august House that the education standards in this country have been and continue to be affected adversely by the economic meltdown that was experienced in the last decade. That meltdown itself has been a consequence of the sanctions regime on our country particularly during the years 2005 to 2009. However, since the introduction of a stable currency in 2009, there has been an improvement of service delivery in all our schools as the currency of use has maintained a sense of stability during the time that we are talking about now.

Mr. Speaker Sir, the improvements are still continuing and more is expected with the availability of more resources to the system. Thanks to central Government, parents, other stakeholders and education partners for their immense contribution in supplying the much needed resources to our schools. The country is experiencing a gradual improvement of the economy and if this trend is maintained, there is no doubt that the education system will be restored to its glory within a few more years if we continue this path.

Part of the question that seeks to establish the strategies the ministry is employing to improve the 'O' and 'A' level pass rates, which in 2010 stood at, 'O' level - 19%, 'A' level - 82.01%. Let me digress here slightly to explain what that 'O' level pass rate means. The perfect score for 'O' level examinations would be a 25%. So 19% is not a poor pass rate. I am pleased to inform the hon. member and the august House that the following strategies among others are being implemented to improve the 'O' and 'A' level pass rates in both urban and rural schools.

(1) Teacher motivation

(i) The ministry intervened to control teacher incentives that had been

operationalised by various parent communities of our schools. The ministry pegged the control at 10% of the levy.

(ii) Slight salary increases were noted in July 2011 which raised teacher morale.

(iii) The ministry continues to push for housing loans for civil servants, the majority of whom we know are teachers.

(2) The supply of adequate teaching and learning materials to secondary schools.

(i) The process of supplying text books for the 6 core subjects in all secondary schools so as to achieve a book to pupil ratio of 1:1 by 31 December 2011 is at an advanced stage. We are hoping that by December, there will be a special launch of this Phase by the Head of State. This is being done with the support from the Education Transition Fund (ETF) Phase II managed by UNICEF. However, there is still a measure of contribution expected of parents in the primary schools sector because we have only tinkered with about 4 subject areas yet the primary curriculum encompasses 12, 13 subject areas. So there is a large room for stakeholders to continue to offer their best foot forward in that sector.

(3) Enhanced supervision, monitoring and evaluation throughout the system.

(i) Restoration of education inspectors who are subject specialists and are capable of giving professional guidance to the subject teachers resulting in improved service delivery.

(ii) The ministry has bought and distributed 59 vehicles to districts and provinces for supervision purposes. So far each one of our 72 districts has at least one supervision vehicle which is serviceable. The ministry still requires more vehicles and we had been allocated US$1.3 million for this purpose by Treasury, but the purchase of the vehicles which was at an advanced stage was put on halt by Cabinet Circular No. 10 of 2011.

Increased parental involvement in the running of schools

(i) The ministry intends to train SDC members in all secondary schools so that they are empowered to effectively take part in the affairs of their schools. The training exercise is expected to be completed by 31 December 2011.

5. Doing away with hot sitting

(i) Two schools built by the Chinese Government under government to government co-operation initiatives have been completed and are fully operational. Furthermore, the ministry has allocated funds to 12 more schools for construction of structures under PSIP.

(ii) 270 schools have been rehabilitated. The above efforts have assisted in decongesting hot-sitting thereby improving the teaching and learning environment in schools.

6. Introduction of e-learning in schools

The ministry has introduced e-learning in 20 secondary schools countrywide and the programme is assisting children to effectively study Mathematics and Science subjects through the use of virtual laboratories especially in rural schools where there are no science laboratories, equipment and the chemicals to use for experiments. The Ministry intends to extend the project to 20 more schools by 31 December 2011.

g) Continuous recruitment of skilled personnel and deployment to various districts especially remote and rural ones.

h) Enhance capacity development through organizing and running induction and staff development workshops for teachers, HODs, Deputy Heads, Inspectors and DEOs and

i) Special approaches such as

l Bottom 10 approach in Masvingo whereby the bottom 10 schools are assisted in improving their pass rate and required to give monthly tests and submit reports on achievements to the PED on a monthly basis.

l Dip stick approach used in Manicaland whereby schools with zero percent pass rate are visited by the Provincial Education Inspector team headed by the PED. The SDC, staff and students are asked to analyse their situation and come up with reasons for failure and make an undertaking listing turn around strategies for implementation with time frame and participatory monitoring evaluation.

l Academic Turn Around Programme (ATAP) in Mashonaland East whereby schools with zero percent pass rates are identified and targeted for turn around programmes led by the Deputy Provincial Education Director, (Quality Assurance) DEOs, Heads, teachers and final year learners of the identified schools. These are required to evaluate their performance, give reasons why they did not do well and indicate how they will improve.

Will all 'O' and 'A' Level students who failed to raise examination fees be allowed to write this year's examinations?

Mr. Speaker Sir, I would like to inform the hon. member and the august House that it is government policy to assist all indigent children to write their examinations. My ministry would want these children assisted but the final answer comes from the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare who pay the funds for this assistance.

MR. MAHLANGU: Hon. Minister, you have mentioned the issue of teachers incentives which you know has been a divisive policy so far with parents complaining that they cannot pay these incentives and the teachers in rural areas complaining that they are not getting the money and that it is only the privilege of those teachers in the urban areas. What is your ministry doing to ensure that the incentives are not burdening the parents and that the teachers in the rural areas also get the incentives without burdening the parents again? I thank you.

MR. DOKORA: We as the ministry do not like incentives but incentives came about at the realisation that they were already being operationalised by some schools in a situation where there was no guiding rule. So, the ministry's intervention was to merely give guidance that you can only allocate 10% of the approved levy to incentives. Without that guiding rule, those incentives would be going on and those in the rural areas would still not be getting anything. Our best bet is that we support those efforts that are being made to improve the teacher's welfare, increasing the salary and even the housing that I spoke of. This is the route to go. Thank you.

MR. F. M. SIBANDA: Could the minister update the House about the indaba that the parents and teachers took on the incentive issue. We are not prevy to that. Parents and teachers are saying that incentives are undemocratic and unwanted, so, we want you to brief us about the indaba issue that is very critical to our children and parents.

MR. DOKORA: I thought that the matter was to deal with policy here because if you are talking about the working mechanisms within the ministry, the series of consultations that are under way, that I should come here and brief the House, I think that Mr. Speaker, I need your protection. Thank you.

THE TEMPORARY SPEAKER: Hon. Sibanda, if there are any details which you would want, as the minister eloquently explained, you would rather put it in writing.


11. MR..MAHLANGU asked the Minister of Labour and Social Services to explain to the House:

(i) How much allocation has been disbursed to Bulawayo Province so far this year and a breakdown for each constituency;

(ii) The criteria used to select the beneficiaries of the fund and state who does it; and

(iii) Advise the House on the control mechanisms put in place by the Ministry to ensure that the Ministry curbs corruption and that the money is disbursed on a non-partisan basis.

THE MINISTER OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL SERVICES (MS. MPARIWA): The selection of beneficiary children in both rural and urban areas has to be carried out at the community level.

2. Each school community has a community selection committee (CSC) that receives nominations and selects the neediest beneficiaries. This is validated at a community meeting.

3. The list is submitted to the District Education Officer (DEO);

4. The DEO together with the District Social Services Officer (DSSO) then review the list and checks the application form before onward transmission for processing of payment.


Non-partisan disbursement of funds; that is we do not ask for any political affiliation.

l Every year each school community gets a BEAM budget allocation, which is the limit up to which they can submit applications for BEAM beneficiaries. The allocations are done at the Ministry's Head Office (Programme Management Unit.)

l Therefore any disbursements to schools is based on the applications received from that school but up to the limit provided;

l The budget allocations are based on the size of the school in terms of total enrolment at any given school.

Curbing Corruption at Selection Level

At selection level, there are safeguards against corruption in the form of:

Ø The selection itself being conducted by a Committee rather than by individuals

Ø Community validation for the selected children

Ø Verification of the selection by the District Education Office and District Social Services Office

Ø Verification and approval of the application by PMU

Ø Department of Social Services regularly conducts spot checks

Let me end by saying should any member of this august House observe that there is a problem in any school or at any particular selection committee, please may they kindly bring that to my attention.

MR. CHINYADZA: Thank you Mr. Speaker. I would like to ask the minister; I heard that in terms of the criteria which is actually you have got definite needs for specific schools perhaps regions and whatever, but we do have a situation where there are some pupils who are no longer able to go to school when they actually qualify for the BEAM. Is there anything you can do to try and assist these kind of pupils?

MS. MPARIWA: Thank you Mr. Speaker Sir. I think because there are so many children out there who would need assistance through BEAM but the qualification and members should note and inform constituents. The identification of a child who needs BEAM is done at school level which means if that child is not registered at any school, then there is no way that child can be BEAM assisted. So the first qualification is that the child is at St. Mary's Primary school, Grade 4 or Grade 7 but can no longer pay for school fees or can not even pay school fees. That is when they qualify for the application of BEAM funds. Thank you.

MR. F.M. SIBANDA: Could the minister elucidate the transition from Grade 7 to secondary school to that child who has been supported by BEAM. What happens to facilitate her/his education because we discovered that the end of the road possibly most of primary school is Grade 7, those who have been assisted. What happens when they transition to go to secondary school, those vulnerable children, what are the mechanisms? Thank you.

THE TEMPORARY SPEAKER: I will give the minister the opportunity to do so but I thought we were dealing with Basic Education Module.

MS. MPARIWA: Thank you Mr. Speaker Sir. We do cater for children that are at secondary school level in the form of paying for their

examinations, tuition fees and let me also take this opportunity of informing the august House that government has released US$3.5 million through the Ministry of Finance to assist these vulnerable children through payment because we realised that even when they have finished their Grade 7, it becomes the end of the road and then we will not have done anything. So as a Government, we are committed to have our children go to school at the highest level. We do have a scheme that is assisting these vulnerable children to actually reach secondary level. Thank you.


11. MR. MAHLANGU: asked the Minister of Labour and Social Services to explain to the House;

( i ) How much BEAM allocation has been disbursed to Bulawayo Province so far this year and a breakdown for each constituency;

( ii ) The criteria used to select the beneficiaries of the fund and state who does it; and

( iii ) Advise the House on the control mechanisms put in place by the Ministry to ensure that the Ministry curbs corruption and that the money is disbursed on a non-partisan basis.

THE MINISTER OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL SERVICES (MS. MPARIWA): Thank you Mr. Speaker Sir. What the ministry has done to ensure that sufficient funding is available to all ministries in order to accelerate the achievement of MDGs. The Ministry of Labour and Social Services' role is to coordinate all stakeholders to ensure that the MDGs are achieved. My ministry does not budget for the MDGs in order to disburse funds to other ministries but actually our role is the coordinating role. Let me also take this opportunity to inform the members that I am the Chairperson of the Cabinet Task Force on the MDGs but my responsibility is not actually to mobilise resources but to coordinate the efforts towards attaining the MDGs. However, my ministry has secured funding from the UNDP for coordinating and development of the MDGs acceleration framework that will be recommended for use by other stakeholders to ensure the achievement of the MDGs. The objective of the fund is the development of a realistic and focus action plan which clearly identifies partners, resources and time line for agreed action. After I met with my fellow ministers in March this year, a decision was made to re-prioritise the goals as Zimbabwe and our priority list is as follows:

1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

2. Achieve universal primary education

3. Reduce child mortality

Our national focus then is to develop a robust focus and implementable accelerated action plan on each of the goals so that we attain the goal by 2015. The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare is currently liaising with the EU on the possibility of funding the acceleration of plan for MDG number 5 for the reasons that are very obvious, combating HIV/AIDS and maternal mortality. Most of the MDGs goals are currently off-track. The country is however doing well on very few particularly on the literacy ratio, school gender parity and HIV/AIDs prevalence rate which has actually reduced. I should emphasise to members that the ministry's role is to monitor and report on the progress made on the target. Actions and programmes that will result in the realisation of the goals is squarely a mandate of the relevant line ministries. We say Ministry of Education, you deal with the education, Ministry of Environment, you deal with the environment, Ministry of Health will deal with health matters but at the end of the day they will be reporting the rate of progress in terms of how far they have gone and what are the difficulties. I may also wish to inform the members that the assessment summit was done in 2010 in New York where the Head of State and Government, myself and a team of other ministers in view of the MDGs we have and this is the document that we went with to New York where all the MDGs and what each ministry has done in terms of their goals and I want to place this document as a reference document to Parliament and I am sending enough copies for each and every member of this august House and if there is anything that they can assist the coordinating ministry, they are very much welcome, that is the 2010 Millennium Goals Report for Zimbabwe. What the ministry has done so far in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals is reduction of poverty. It is the responsibility of Government, private sector, NGOs and other relevant sectors including farmers who are here. We are organising some programmes that are aimed at mitigating the poverty as well as monitoring poverty indicators, the last poverty survey was conducted in 2003 ever since, the Government has failed to budget for this very important exercise so that we could reveal where we are from 2003.

Some of the social protection programmes by my ministry include cash transfer, public work programmes whereby you provide cash transfer to the ultra poor households through public assistance for poor and vulnerable families. Recently, a full deficit strategy was developed to provide a quick support for the vulnerable households who are normally self-supporting but due to the unpredictable order, parents are not able to sustain their livelihoods. My ministry in corporation with the Ministry of Agriculture assist vulnerable households through the support scheme where-about 100 000 households are given three inputs packs for farming every year. Assistance is also given to children in difficult circumstance through the basic education assistance model. To-date we support 800 000 children per year, the challenge is being supported by the ministry in realising these MDGs. Programmes that lead to the realisation of the MDGs are the responsibility of all the line ministries, so we face the challenges of lack of resources, skilled manpower, disintegrated gender, specific data affect all players not just my ministry but Government.

Challenges that affect my ministry include lack of adequate funding, brain drain as well as lack of commitment to the achievement of MDGs amongst most stakeholders. What the ministry is doing to overcome challenges - my ministry with the support of the technical UNDP is currently mobilising all stakeholders to participate and stick to the MDGs operation framework that will enable to accelerate progress towards the realization of MDGs as partnership of all relevant stakeholders is important to the realisation of the MDGs, development of goals, specific acceleration plans will create possibilities of mobilising internal donor financing. What the ministries do to ensure that it engages the Members of Parliament in MDGs in their representative function and budget scrutiny.

A training workshop was recently launched by my ministry to highlight the ways in which the Parliament of Zimbabwe can use to engage with the MDGs during the legislative process. The other objective was to make the way forward for the Parliament towards engagement with the MDGs that is sustainable both short and long term and challenges which are facing Parliament. I hope all hon. members will attend other future meetings so that we familiarise and advise the ministries that work with the various MDGs, how has been the money availed by the UNDP and other stakeholders, government been used to ensure the achievement of the MDGs by 2015. UNDP funds are used to enhance the funds of the ministry as the coordinator and not programme funding, my ministry has to date, produced three reports, 2004 report, the mid-term report and the 2010 MDG Status Report for Zimbabwe. We have also done advocacy programmes to ensure that all stakeholders are aware of the advocacy strategy for the period 2010 to 2015. Importance of advocacy programmes include engagement of youth and Parliamentarians on issues on MDGs and the MDGs road shows that are kindly taking place around the country and we continue the process of launching in the various provinces so that we popularise the MDGs and for people to know which goals we have prioritised as a country and why we have done that.

Questions With Notice interrupted by MR. SPEAKER in terms of Standing Order No. 34.



MR. DUMBU: I move the motion standing in my name that this House;

SADDENED by the tragic and untimely death of the Honourable Minister of Public Service and Member of Parliament for Gutu South, Professor Eliphas Mukonoweshuro on the 5th of August 2011;

NOTING that the loss was felt by the whole nation, which mourned a committed and dedicated luminary of our struggle for independence, democracy, freedom and justice;

NOW THEREFORE, THIS HOUSE conveys its profound condolences to the widow of our departed leader;

Expresses its deep sorrow and sadness at the tragic and unexpected loss of like;

Takes this opportunity to celebrate the life of a man who rendered sterling services to the nation both before and after independence.

MR. CHITANDO: I second.

MR. DUMBU: Thank you Mr. Speaker. I want to speak about one of the finest speakers Zimbabwe has ever produced. I moved this motion so that every Member of Parliament can contribute so that collectively, we can resolve to send a condolences message to the Mukonoweshuro family. It is now common knowledge why Prof. Mukonoweshuro was not declared a national hero and why he was not laid at the National Shrine, he was born on 22 June 1953 at Gutu Mission hospital in a family where he is the youngest among 5 boys and 4 girls. He was the Minister of Public Service, a member of the MDC National Executive Committee where he was the secretary of Energy and Power Development and the MP for Gutu South in the 7th Parliament of Zimbabwe. He died after a short illness on 5th August 2011. He did his primary education at Gutu and went to Zimuto and Tekwane for secondary education where he attained his 'A' level. In what could be the beginning of his political career, he was arrested by the Ian Smith Regime for activism. In 1973 the young Eliphas commenced his studies at the University of Rhodesia. Mr. Speaker Sir, in 1973, the young Eliphas commenced his studies at the then University of Rhodesia. In no time, he was arrested for student activism. He was detained for 14 months at the then Gatooma and now Kadoma Prison. On his release, Professor Mukonoweshuro escaped the country through Botswana, terminating his studies at the Rhodesian University, for the United Kingdom. He then went on to study at the University of Birmingham (United Kingdom) where he attained with distinction his Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts Degrees and a PhD in Political Science. Tanzania, Zambia and Sierra Leone where amongst some of the African countries, he served as a research fellow. Later he went on to serve as a visiting Professor at Duke University in North Carolina.

On his return to Zimbabwe Mr. Speaker Sir, Prof. Mukonoweshuro was employed at the University of Zimbabwe as a lecturer of Political Science before becoming the Dean of the Faculty of Social Studies. At one point, Minister Mukonoweshuro was detained by State Security Agents (the CIO) on allegations of "inciting student rebellion" against the ZANU PF regime.

Prof. Mukonoweshuro remains the only person in the history of the University of Zimbabwe to attain a full professorship directly from being a lecturer. Thousands of senior government officials, ministers, diplomats, senior politicians and business leaders were taught by Prof. Mukonoweshuro at the University of Zimbabwe.

Mr. Speaker Sir, Prof. Eliphas Mukonoweshuro joined the People's Movement for Real Change in Zimbabwe at the formation of the MDC. He was also behind the growth of the MDC into becoming a Party of Excellence, followed by every fearless Zimbabwean.

I am very right to join others in describing Prof. Eliphas Mukonoweshuro as a "pillar and champion for democracy and real change towards a better life for all Zimbabweans". He contested the Gutu South Parliamentary elections in 2005. 2008 saw him contesting and resoundingly winning these elections. In 2009, he was appointed to Cabinet as Minister of Public Service in the Inclusive Government.

Mr. Speaker Sir, apart from being a committed and dedicated educationist, he was also a selfless patriot and revolutionary in the fight for national freedoms and democracy.

As a person, Eliphas was husband to Restepile, whom he married in August of 1988. Over and above that, he was a valued and much loved member of the larger Mukonoweshuro family. He will be sadly missed by his siblings, nieces, nephews and their families. Zimbabwe has really lost a man of principle who made an indelible mark in our lives in the nation at large.

As I urge this august House to support this motion, I make reference to the words of Apostle Paul, son of Benjamin as quoted in the book of Acts Chapter 20 verse 33 to part of verse 35 which reads "I have coveted no one's silver or gold or apparel. Yes, you yourselves know that these hands have provided for my necessities and for those who were with me. I have shown you in every way, by labouring like this ….". As we convey our condolence message to the Mukonoweshuro family, Zimbabwe appreciates the role Prof. Eliphas played in the democratization and change of political system before and after Zimbabwe's Independence.

*MR. CHITANDO: Thank you Mr. Speaker. In Philippians 1 verse 6, it says that whoever starts good work ends it well. When looking at the life of Hon. Mukonoweshuro, we can testify that he fulfills what the Bible said. What I want people to understand is that Hon. Mukonoweshuro who was a person appointed as Minister of Public Service was attentive and when you talk about the lecturers and the teachers on the remuneration, he is someone who felt for those type of professions. So I hope that my aunt, Hon. Matibenga who has taken over will also have the same kind of spirit concerning the teachers and the public service at large. It should be something that should be at your heart. Hon. Mukonoweshuro, when he experienced anything that hurt him so much, he would get his cigar and he would smoke. This reflected that he had been hurt and was disappointed and when it came to lecturing, he could tell that he was in pain and you could actually see tears in his eyes.

So, we look forward to the fact that this will remind us of Hon. Mukonoweshuro and realize that he went before he finished what he wanted to achieve. Hon. Matibenga you have been given the baton stick and you have to run and complete the race. Another thing that we should remember about Hon. Mukonoweshuro. He passed away in South Africa. At our Party in the MDC we tried all we could to ensure that Hon. Mukonoweshuro would be buried before the Heroes Day, but it failed. This means something. It showed that we did not want to declare Hon. Mukonoweshuro as a National Hero as human beings but God wanted him to be declared a national hero and not make decisions based on political lines. Being a national hero, someone has to appoint you to be anointed to be a national hero and it is only God who can anoint you to be a national hero.

The other thing that I want you to see on Hon. Mukonoweshuro is that, I travelled with Hon. Mukonoweshuro during the campaign period. We used to sit down and strategise on our campaigns. Firstly, Hon. Mukonoweshuro would always say we do not want any violence or ridiculing one another and we do not want to have any wicked acts toward each other.

I want people here to understand that when we are talking about Hon. Mukonoweshuro, there are certain things that we actually look and see that they are things that he taught us as a party. He taught us that we go into election and we won in a free and fair manner. If you look at us as MDC, no one has blood on his hands. My counterparts from the other side have actually disappeared because they know that their hands are stained with blood.

What I also want to say about Hon. Mukonoweshuro is about the issue of how he supported the idea of freedom of speech. If approached Hon. Mukonoweshuro, even if you wanted to ridicule him he would listen as you ridiculed him and took time to listen to whatever you would say. After talking, he would just say my brother let us take a look at what you have said. The problem in this country, the moment you start saying that so and so has done this, because you have mentioned it, you end up being the bad one.

We all know what happened in Libya. We all saw that in Masvingo. Hon. Mukonoweshuro had told us that was going to happen and the line that we were now touring is that we would get to a time whereby the

Inclusive Government will lapse and ZANU PF will also end and MDC will also come in and be the leaders of Zimbabwe. Even what happens in Parliament, when you are hackling one another, it will soon come to pass. This made us realise that he was soon to depart from this world.

What I want to tell you is that death is caused by God and the Bible says, "he who is born of a woman will die". That is why we are talking of the death of Hon. Mukonoweshuro because he was born of a woman. What you also should know is that all those that you see, even the President or the Prime Minister, are all born of a woman and they will also die one day. ZANU PF is as good as having been born of a woman, it will also die a natural death. MDC could also have been born by Hon. Tsvangirai, it will also come to pass.

+MR. F. M. SIBANDA: On the death of Hon. Mukonoweshuro, before I start talking, I would like to talk on the song that was sang in 1970s, the song that says in the graves there is our relatives who died and those that died before them. This shows that Hon. Mukonoweshuro, since he was an educated man, he never revealed everything that he wanted to reveal because he started a big job when the GNU and public service audit. This he never accomplished because death never announces its coming.

Hon. Mukonoweshuro was born by a man who used to teach at Fletcher High School. He was a man who came from a well being family. Fletcher High School in 1960s there was a Principal by the name Martingale, his father was also a teacher there. Therefore, the background of Hon. Mukonoweshuro shows that he was a respected man and was taught, and well behaved.

Hon. Mukonoweshuro, you would never see that he was an educated man. As you know that there are some people who have been given professorship for so many times and that kind of professorship you only get it when you are recommended by the board as you see some people who give us problems in this country. Hon. Mukonoweshuro sat down for this professorship. Most people who hold this professorship form parties that disturb our elders and give us problems for they tell themselves that they are educated but Hon. Mukonoweshuro was a well behaved man. A well honoured man who had a good heart and you could not tell that he was a doctor. The PHD he had revealed that he was a doctor but we never said Dr. Mukonoweshuro, we simple said Hon. Mukonoweshuro or Cde. Mukonoweshuro. This shows us that Hon. Mukonoweshuro was a nationalist. He taught so many people, I benefited from him. There are two people who taught me here in Parliament, some of them might be younger than me or older than me because of the war. Hon. Mhashu also taught me when I was doing my diploma in education. I also did Policy Studies at the University of Zimbabwe and Hon. Mukonoweshuro used to help. At the end of all this, we ended up being related because my son and his daughter got married.

As I stand here, Hon. Mukonoweshuro is one of the men who helped me to be where I am today. National heroes are declared by other people but we need to realise that a good bull can be selected from the cow. If we get to a stage where we need to sit down and decide whether someone is a hero or not , therefore it shows that there is a problem.

We have realised that some of the people who have been laid at the national heroes acre, some of them are thieves as they sleep and discover that there are some people that need to be declared national heroes, that are supposed to be buried at the National Shrine. I am therefore happy that Hon. Mukonoweshuro was not laid at the National Heroes Acre. There are so many people at the Heroes Acre who do not deserve to be National Heroes. So it was not proper for Hon. Mukonoweshuro to be laid alongside people who do not deserve to be National Heroes. Mr. Speaker, I used to ask so many questions concerning his ministry, if he was not able to answer the question, he would give the reasons why he could not answer the question. I urge all of you not to cry but to ululate for this gallant son of Zimbabwe.

MR. HLONGWANE: My contribution is going to be very brief, it is simply to pass my heartfelt condolences to the widow of the departed former Minister of Public Service, Minister Eliphas Mukonoweshuro, condolences to his family, condolences to his Party, the MDC-T but indeed condolences to the Inclusive Government as well as to the entire nation of Zimbabwe.

Minister Mukonoweshuro came across to me as a very humble and down to earth individual. I do not know much about him. I have not worked with him. Obviously from the several renditions made here, you can see a glorious past of an individual who was committed to contributing to the building of this country at the first instance that he was deployed into Government and given a momentous task of having to deal with a very difficult bureaucracy, the Public Service of this country. I think from the very few instances that I interacted with him here in this august House, he came across to me as somebody who was acquitting himself very well within that portfolio.

Mr. Speaker, it is very sad that at a time when we were not expecting that kind of a thing to happen, we lost a dedicated cadre of our country in terms of dispensing himself within the Public Service. This is one of the few announcements that really touched me. I remember that I was driving between Bulawayo and Zvishavane to my constituency, Mberengwa. I heard the news over the radio of the passing on of the minister. Having not known of any history of previous ailments, I was clearly very shocked as to what could have happened to lead to such an eventuality. Obviously then information unfolded as time went on. I want to sincerely pass my condolences to the passing on of this great man, Minister Mukonoweshuro. Thank you.

THE MINISTER OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL WELFARE: I move that the debate do now adjourn.

Motion put and agreed to.

Debate to resume: Thursday, 27th October, 2011.

On the motion of THE MINISTER OF LABOUR AND SOCIAL WELFARE , the House adjourned at Ten Minutes to Five o'clock p.m.



Last modified on Wednesday, 27 November 2013 06:40
National Assembly Hansard Vol. 38 NATIONAL ASSEMBLY HANSARD - 26 OCTOBER 2011 VOL. 38 NO. 12