Parliament

Universally, the mandate of Parliaments may be generally described as legislative, representational and oversight in nature as well as judicial to some extent. These core functions have evolved over millennia and in their present form; they chiefly comprise legislation, consent to taxation and control of public expenditure, debate on government policy and scrutiny of government administration.

Pursuant to the need to enhance governance systems, some parliaments are now actively involved in the selection and appointments of members of independent constitutional commissions. However, before a detailed comparative enumeration of the roles of parliament can be articulated, it is important for one to understand the constitutional mandate of Parliament as derived from the new Constitution of Zimbabwe that was passed by the Parliament of Zimbabwe on the 15th of May 2013 and assented to by His Excellency The President on the 22nd of May 2013. Mandate of Parliament The Legislature of Zimbabwe consists of Parliament and the President. Legislative authority of Zimbabwe is derived from the people through democratic elections founded on values of fairness and transparency and is vested in the Legislature. s.117 (2)(b) of the constitution states that the Legislature has power to amend the constitution and to ‘… make laws for the peace, order and good governance of Zimbabwe’ . Primary law making powers are vested in Parliament and the President notwithstanding the fact that legislative authority may be conferred or delegated to other bodies and authorities. Bradley and Ewing(2011) observed that it is a fundamental principle of democratic government that there should be an elected assembly representing the people, and that this assembly should have the authority to make laws that apply to the entire population. In concurrence with this view, s.119 of the new constitution states that Parliament is vested with supreme authority to promote democratic governance in Zimbabwe and to ensure that the State and all institutions and agencies of government at every level act ‘constitutionally and in the national interest’. As the supreme law, the constitution and its obligations must be complied with pursuant to s.2 of the constitution categorically which enumerates that ‘…this constitution is the supreme law of Zimbabwe and any law, practice, custom or conduct inconsistent with it is invalid to the extent of the consistency’.   The new Constitution of Zimbabwe gives prominence to the fact that all institutions and agencies of the state and government are accountable to Parliament. Even the Presidency as a state institution is not exempt from accountability to Parliament. For instance, s.111 states that ‘… The President has power to declare war and make peace, and must advise the Senate and the National Assembly within seven sitting days after exercising such power. The Senate and the National Assembly, by a joint resolution passed by at least two-thirds of the total membership of Parliament, may resolve that a declaration of war should be revoked’ . Where such a joint resolution has been made, the President is obliged to make all practical steps to disengage from the war. s.214 further add that ‘ when the Defence forces are deployed in Zimbabwe for the maintenance of order…the President must cause Parliament to be informed, promptly and in appropriate detail, of the reasons of their deployment…’ The foregoing provisions are a gradual modification of the repealed constitution which did not empower parliament to have any say in the declaration of war or the deployment of defence forces in Zimbabwe for the maintenance of order. s.31 (H)(d)of the former constitution provided that, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the President shall have the power to ‘…to declare war and to make peace’. No explicit role was given to Parliament. s.107 of the constitution affirms that ‘… every Vice-President, Minister and Deputy Minister must attend parliamentary committees in order to answer questions concerning matters for which he or she is collectively and individually responsible’ . The former constitution had no similar clause though the Privileges, Immunities and Powers of Parliament Act provided for the summoning of any person to appear before Parliament or its committee. It can be argued that providing a constitutional provision compelling the Executive to avail itself to oversight scrutiny by Parliament was meant to enhance accountability and transparency. Compliance with constitutional provisions is obligatory and not discretionary, unless otherwise stated. s.2(2) of the constitution makes it crystal clear that the obligations imposed by the constitution are binding on every person, natural or juristic, including the State and all executive, legislative and judicial institutions and agencies of government at every level.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS OF PARLIAMENT

SPEAKER OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY THE HON. ADV. JACOB FRANCIS MUDENDA
PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE THE HON MABEL MEMORY CHINOMONA
DEPUTY SPEAKER AND CHAIRPERSON OF COMMITTEES: THE HON TSITSI GEZI, MP
DEPUTY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE THE HON RTG,GEN  MICHEAL REUBEN NYAMBUYA
DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF COMMITTEES:
CLERK OF PARLIAMENT: KENNEDY MUGOVE CHOKUDA, (Mr.)
DEPUTY CLERK OF PARLIAMENT: HELEN  DINGANI (Ms.)
DEPUTY CLERK OF PARLIAMENT: NOMASONTO SUNGA (Mrs.)
COUNSEL TO PARLIAMENT: GLADYS PISE (Ms.)
CHIEF DIRECTOR: FINANCE:  BERNARD ZVAMADA, (Mr.)
CHIEF DIRECTOR: HUMAN RESOURCES AND ADMINISTRATION: STEWARD JAILOS, (Mr.)
CHIEF DIRECTOR: INFORMATION SERVICES: CHRISTINA MAFOKO, (MRS)
CHIEF DIRECTOR: EXTERNAL AND PUBLIC RELATIONS: NDAMUKA MARIMO, (Mr)
CHIEF DIRECTOR STRATEGY AND PROGRAMME

CO-ORDINATION:

NESBERT SAMU,(Mr)
ASSISTANT CLERK OF PARLIAMENT: LUCIA NYAWO (Mrs)
ASSISTANT CLERK OF PARLIAMENT: PRINCE DANIEL (Mr.)
DIRECTOR HANSARD: ENIA KANYUME (Ms.)

 

THE PRESIDIUM

The President HIS EXCELLENCY  EMMERSON DAMBUDZO MNANGAGWA

Vice President 

THE HON Rtd GENERAL DR.CONSTANTINO G.D..N CHIWENGA
 Vice  President THE HON KEMBO MOHADI

 MINISTERS

Minister of Defence THE HON OPPAH MUCHINGURI
Minister of Finance and Investment Promotion THE HON PROF MTHULI NCUBE
 Minister of Energy and Power Development THE HON EDGAR MOYO
Minister of Women Affairs, Community, Small and  Medium Enterprises Development THE HON MONICA MUTSVANGWA
 Minister of Home Affairs and Cultural Heritage THE HON KAZEMBE KAZEMBE
 Minister of Transport and Infrastructural Development THE HON FELIX MHONA
 Minister of Local Government, Public Works THE HON WINSTON CHITANDO
 Minister of Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation Science   and Technology Development THE HON AMON MURWIRA
 Minister of Lands, Agriculture, Fisheries and   Rural Development THE HON DR ANXIOUS MASUKA
 Minister of Health and Child Care THE HON  DOUGLAS MOMBESHORA
  Minister of Industry and Commerce THE HON SITHEMBISO NYONI
 Minister of Environment, Climate and Wildlife THE HON MANGALISO NDLOVU
 Minister of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare THE HON JULY MOYO
 Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade THE HON AMB FREDRICK SHAVA
Minister of Tourism and Hospitality THE HON BARBARA RODZI
Minister of Veterans of Liberation Struggle
 Minister of Primary and Secondary Education THE HON TORERAYI MOYO
 Minister of Mines and Mining Development THE HON SODA ZHEMU
 Minister of Information, Publicity and Broadcasting   Services THE HON JENNIFAN MUSWERE
 Minister of National Housing and Social Amenities THE HON DANIEL GARWE
 Minister of Youth empowerment and Development THE HON TINO MACHAKAIRE
 Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs THE HON ZIYAMBI ZIYAMBI
Minister of information Technology and Communication THE HON TATENDA MAVETERE
Minister of Sports Recreation Arts and Culture THE HON KIRSTY COVENTRY

MINISTERS OF STATE

Minister of State for Provincial Affairs in the Office of the President and Cabinet THE HON LOVEMORE MATUKE
Minister of State in the Office of the President and Cabinet and Cabinet Skills Audit THE HON PROFESSOR PAUL MAVHIMA

MINISTERS OF STATE FOR PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS 

Bulawayo THE HON JUDITH NCUBE
Manicaland THE HON NOKUTHULA MATSIKINYERE
Mashonaland East THE HON APOLLONIA MUNZVERENWI
Mashonaland Central THE HON CHRISTOPHER MAGOMO
Mashonaland West THE HON MIRIAM CHOMBO
Masvingo THE HON EXRA CHADZMIRA
Matebeleland North THE HON RICHARD MOYO
Matebeleland South THE HON EVELINE NDLOVU
Midlands THE HON OWEN NCUBE
Harare THE HON CHARLES TAVENGWA

DEPUTY MINISTERS 

Deputy Minister of Defence THE HON BRIG GEN  LEVY MAYIHLOME
Deputy Minister of National Housing and Social Amenities THE HON YEUKAI SIMBANEGAVI
Deputy Minister of Public Service Labour and Social Welfare THE HON MERCY  MARUVA DINHA
Deputy Minister of Primary and Secondary Education THE HON ANGELINE GATA
 Deputy Minister of Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation Science   and Technology Development THE HON SIMELISIZWE SIBANDA
Deputy Minister of Lands, Agriculture, Fisheries , and   Rural Development THE HON VANGELIS HARITATOOS
Deputy Minister of Lands, Agriculture, Fisheries, and   Rural Development THE HON DAVID MARAPIRA
Deputy Minister of Information Communications Technology THE HON DINGUMUZI PHUTI
Deputy Minister of Legal and Parliamentary Affairs THE HON OBERT MAZUNGUNYE
Deputy Minister of Womens Affairs community and Small and  Medium Enterprises Development  THE HON JENIFFER MHLANGA
Deputy Minister of Tourism and Hospitality THE HON TONGAI MNANGAGWA
Deputy Minister of Environment and Tourism THE HON JOHN PARADZA
Deputy Minister of Sports Recreation Arts and Culture THE HON EMILY JESAYA
Deputy Minister of Youth Empowerment and VTC THE HON JUNIOR MPAMHANGA
Deputy Minister of Veterans  of Liberation Struggle THE HON MONICA MAVHUNGA
Deputy Minister of Finance and Investment Promotion THE HON DAVID KUDA MNANGAGWA
Deputy Minister of Information Publicity and Broadcasting Services THE HON OMPHILE MARUPI
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade THE HON SHEILLAH CHIKOMO
Deputy Minister of Local Government and Public Works THE HON BENJAMIN KABIKIRA