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History of Women Parliamentarians

Gender Disaggregated Data In the Parliament of Zimbabwe since 1980.

 

This fact sheet presents the number of women who have been elected into Parliament since 1980. The figures show that Zimbabwe has not reached the 30 percent minimum and the 50 percent maximum.

 

Background

  • Gender equality is a basic human rights issue and a pre-condition for social justice, people centered sustainable development and peace.

 

  • Today various international, regional and national instruments which envision the equality between men and women have been signed, ratified or acceded to by the majority of states in the world and are at various levels of implementation.
  • Other NGOs, stakeholders and women activists also do subscribe to these same instruments, which espouse an agenda for the empowerment of women at all, the decision-making structures within the various levels of society.
  • At an institutional level, Parliaments are expected to play a leading role in spearheading initiatives to approximate gender equality and to also act as gender advocates and advance the same.
  • The percentage of women in Parliament, like is still the case in all the other structures in society still lags behind that of men.

 

The following is the Gender disaggregated data for the Parliament of Zimbabwe since1980.

 

 

Table I: Unicameral Parliament

Elections and Appointments Seats Men Women % of Women
1990 150 133 17 11.3
1995 150 129 21 14
2000 150 136 141 9.3
2005 150 126 24 16

 

Data in above table illustrates that women are underrepresented and still fall far below the 30 percent quota espoused in the SADC Declaration on Gender and Development as the target by 2005.

 

Table II: Zimbabwe: Parliament (Bicameral) Senate

 

Elections and Appointments Seats Men Women %Women
1980 40 37 3 7.5
1985 40 37 3 7.5
2005 66 42 24 36.36

 

1 For 2005, the combined percentage of women Parliamentarians surpassed the 30 percent threshold now revised to 50 percent across the African continent.

 

 

 Zimbabwe: Parliament (Bicameral House of Assembly

Elections and appointments Seats Men Women % Women
2005 150 126 24 16
 

 

Both

Chambers

216 168 48 22.22

 

 

2

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